1-15. sorularda boş birakilan
yerlere uygun düşen ifadeyi bulunuz.
1. Their Prime Minister has
been able to act more aggressively in the
past year because he has
.. his power
within the government.
the Indus and
its tributaries for almost half of its
a) turns back
b) waits for
c) takes to
d) pulls up
e) relies on
3. The auroras are caused by
.. of solar winds with gases in the
4. It seems strange to us now
that miners and others employed in dangerous
work should not have demanded the provision
5. In the past 30 years , our
knowledge of the ancient Maya civilization
as a result of the
decipherment of a newly discovered script.
.. providing luxury on
every imaginable level, a five- star hotel
should also have the ability to take you by
a) with a view to
b) in excess of
c) consequent on
d) in need of
e) in addition to
7. Ancient Peruvian textiles
have survived in an excellent state of
. The dry conditions of much
of the country.
a) with regard to
b) in comparison with
c) in case of
d) owing to
e) in opposition to
8. Exciting new research is
transforming industrial robotics, offering
the promise of whole new generation of
9. He is hoping that, by the
.for the grant, his book on
a) has to apply/ will have been published
b) had applied/ had been published
c) was to apply / has been published
d) will be applying / would have been
e) would have applied / will be published
10. Is seems that, evev if
big western companies
.. to help develop
lifesaving GM ( genetically modified ) seeds
for the underdeveloped countries, only South
to accept them.
a) will be willing/ is ready
b) has been willing / will be ready
c) had been willing/ would be ready
d) would be willing/ was ready
e) were willing / would be ready
11. The big test
the next few weeks when the government
to introduce a plan to include drug coverage
a) is coming/ will be expected
b) comes/ was expected
c) has come/ is expecting
d) will come / is expected
e) would come / would be expected
12. Seafarers' records
back to 1590
. it possible to visuallze
the behaviour of one of the planet's most
mysterious phenomena : its magnetic field.
a) dating / have made
b) to date / would make
c) being dated/ had made
d) to be dated / are making
e) to have been dated / will make
13. The software has been
designed to help detectives solve complex
..prompting them to explore lines
.. enquity other than the obvious ones.
a) through / to
b) by / of
c) from/ into
d) over / with
e) into / for
14. Recent findings have
suggested that, in ancient times too, man
causing rapid and decisive
. the genetic make-up of staple
a) in / for
b) to / of
c) of / in
d) from / over
e) with / into
.. helmets had been
revived for soldiers and extended to many
workers, safety head coverings for athletes
almost inevitably followed.
16- 20. sorularda aşağidaki
parçada numaralanmiş yerlere uygun düşen
sozcük yada ifadeyi bulunuz.
technology is being used to upgrade the
Hubble Space Telescope to perform beyond its
initial design requirements. Twice
astronauts have replaced the telescope's
solar panels (16)
ones. The most impressive improvement,
however, has come with the (17)
.. of a new
camera to record the images seen by the
Hubble . Its increased sensitivity makes it
as powerful as its predecessor,
and it (19)
.. dramatically sharper
images, some of them of stars and galaxies
that were (20)
to the old Hubble.
16. a) from
17. a) distribution
18. a) times
19. a) will produce
b) had produced
c) has produced
d) may produce
e) would produce
20. a) incapable
21- 25. sorularda aşağidaki
parçada numaralanmiş yerlere uygun düşen
sozcük yada ifadeyi bulunuz.
Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-
1882 ) was a sage, not a scientist, but he
was more keenly interested in the scientific
advances of his day than is commanly
reallzed . One of his early aspirations was
to be "a naturallst", and he started his
.. a lecturer- essayist by
giving talks on natural science, (22)
focused on the chemical composition of
.. Emerson went on to make his
mark primarily in the areas of literature,
religion, philosophy and social reform, he
remained an eager lifelong student of both
traditional and contemporary natural and
social science. To date, however, this side
of Emerson's thought and life (24)
handful of significant scholarly
discussions. Emerson's life in science is
the best of books (25)
.. this aspect of
Emerson that have marked the bicentennial of
his birth, and it is one that will endure.
21. a) more
22. a) describing
23. a) although
c) so that
24. a) should attract
b) is attracting
c) will attract
d) has attracted
25. a) to
26.- 35. sorularda verilen
cümleyi uygun şekilde tamamlayan ifadeyi
26. While most people still
saw computers as science fiction,
a) the discriminating few immediately
appreciated their advantages
b) the early ones were large in size and low
c) they continue to get smaller and more
d) it is hard to imagine how banks earned on
their work without them
e) a majority still wish they had never been
.. so long as you pay
attention and stick to the rules.
a) There is a huge number of fascinating
wrecks around Britain
b) Wecks under the sea can contain hazordous
materials like oil and mutions
c) Scuba diving is very safe
d) Scuba was first patented in 1865 and was
perfected over the years
e) Scuba divers get a great deal of pleasure
from exploring wrecks
unless there is an
agreement to the contrary.
a) copyright is a form of protection
provided to the creators of "original works
b) The authors of a joint work are co-owners
of the copyright in the work
c) There is list of countries that maintain
copyright relations with the United States
d) Works by the US government were not
eligible for copyright protection
e) Works consisting entirely of information
that is common property were given no such
29. Although Japan has one of
the world's most rapidly ageing
a) Japanese companies will be world leaders
in catering for the elderly
b) other countries such as China and South
Korea and most of Western Europe are closing
c) in 2004 one-fifth of its population will
be 6 or over and there will be more than
20,000 people over the age of a hundred
d) the increasing burden of providing
pensions and health care for the growing
number of elderly will cause Japan's public
finances to remain by far the worst in the
e) to safeguard the financial assets of its
pensioners, the bank of Japan will not be
able to take any radical measures
. that a road once
linked the newly discovered settlement with
one of the great Inca cities.
a) The whole is in a remarkable state of
b) We wouldn't be surprised
c) The surrounding area would have been
d) There are at least 30 stone structures
e) It seems likely
31. Teachers cannot be
criticized for failing to promote
a) so the manner in which design is
presented is of first importance
b) that it is not a required field of study
in most technical universities
c) whether students should follow enough
maths and science courses to quallty for
d) if they have not been exposed to it
e) as all the young children had a flair for
designing and building
32. This new pink cell phone
actually gives advices on
a) Which dieting techniques should have been
b) why the display doubles as amirror
c) how to dress in accord with the day's
d) how often the battery would have to be
e) where its special features will be
33. Most cultures have their
own foundation myths to explain
a) how long the world had been in existence
b) why society is as it is
c) so as to satisfy their curiosity
concerning how the world began
d) what has been happening in still earlier
e) unless there was no trace of any former
, they are especially
common during the spring and early summer.
a) Although tornadoes can happen at any time
of the year
b) Since the conditions that lead to the
formation of tornadoes are most often to be
found in the central and southern United
c) As a tornado is a dark funnel-shaped
colud made up of violently rotating winds
d) White tornadoes in the United States
generally travel in a northeast direction
e) Because tornadoes are capable of lifting
houses off their foundaitions and hurling
them considerable distances
35. The artist's work should
take the viewer to a place
a) so it gave his paintings a shadowy aged
b) where there were domestic situations
based around one or two figures
c) if his paintings are deliberately vague
d) which reflect the confidence that emerged
in her childhood
e) that he cannot go to on his own
36.-40. sorularda verilen
Türkçe cümleye anlamca en yakın İngilizce
36. 1942'de gerçekleşen ve 3 Haziran'dan 6
Haziran'a kadar süren Midway Savaşı,
tarihçiler tarafından 2.Dünya Savaşının bir
donüm noktası olarak gorülmüştür.
a) Historians insist that the Battle of
Midway, Which took place between June 3rd
and June 6 th 1942, should be regarded as a
turning point in World War II.
b) According to many Historians, the Battle
of Midway, Which took place in 1942 between
June 3rd and June 6th, can be regarded as a
turning point in WorldWar II.
c) The Battle of Midway, Which took place in
1942 and lasted from June 3 rd to June 6th,
has been regarded by historians as a turning
point in World War II.
d) In the opinion of historians, the turning
point of World War II came with the Battle
of Midway, June 3rd-6th, 1942.
e) Historians tend to regard the Battle of
Midway, June 3rd-6th, 1942, as the turning
point of World War II.
37. Bugün bildiğimiz dünya,
bazı kıtaların birbirinden uzaklaşması
sonucu on milyon yıl sonra, muhtemelen
tamamen tanınmaz olacaktır.
a) As a result of continental drift, the
world that we know will surely be completely
unrecognizable ten million years from now.
b) It seems likely that ten million years
from now the world , as we know it today,
will be unrecognizable to drift away from
c) Should be continents continue to drift
away from each other, after ten million
years the world will be quite unlike what it
d) After ten million years , the world as we
know it today will probably be completely
unrecognizable as a result of some
continents drifting away from each other.
e) ten million years from now the world, as
we know it today, could be quite
unrecognizable if the continents continue to
drift apart in this way.
38. "Uzay Laboratuvarı
Projesi" , insanların uzayda hiçbir olumsuz
etki olmadan uzun süre yaşayabileceğini ve
çalışabileceğini göstermek için NASA
a) NASA wanted to determine through the
design of "Project Skylab" just how long
people could live and work in space without
any ill, effects all.
b) The "Project Skylab" experiment
established for NASA that people can live
and work in space for long periods of time
without experiencing any ill effect.
c) The aim of NASA's "Project Skylab" was to
determine whether people could live and work
in space, without adverse effects, over long
periods of time.
d) NASA's aim in designing "Project Skylab"
was to learn how long men could live and
work ; in space without ill effect.
e) "Project Skylab" was designed by NASA to
demonstrate that people can live and work in
space for prolonged periods without any ill
effect at all.
39. Başkan Bush, bir
televizyon konuşmasında Amerikan halkına ,
terorizme karşı savaşın yüksek mallyetler ve
kişisel özveri gerektiren uzun bir mücadele
a) President Bush's televised speech
concerning war against terrorism warned the
American people that the struggle would be a
long one and entail high costs and much
b) televised speech President Bush told the
American people that the war against
terrorism would be a long struggle requiring
high costs and personal sacrifice.
c) In a speech that was televised, President
Bush warned the Americans that a war against
terrorism could prove expensive and entail
much personal sacrifice.
d) In his speech, which was televised.
President Bush asked the American people to
be willing to sacrifice themselves in the
cause of the struggle against terrorism.
e) The people of America were asked by
President Bush in a speech broadcast on
television to be prepared to pay in money
and personal sacrifice, for war against
40. Umman'ın Yemen'le olan
sınır anlaşmazlığı, iki ülke arasında Ekim
1992'de antlaşma imzalanması üzerine sona
a) Omans border dispute with Yemen came to
an end upon the signing of an agreement in
October 1992 between the two countries.
b) In October 1992, Oman and Yemen signed an
agreement Which helped to end the border
dispute between the two countries.
c) It was in October 1992 that the border
dispute between Oman and Yemen finally came
to an end, and the two countries signed an
d) In October 1992, Oman and Yemen finally
signed an agreement which brought their
border dispute to an end.
e) Oman's border dispute with Yemen only
ended in October 1992 when the two countries
came together and signed an agreement.
41. - 45, sorularda, verilen
ingilizce cümleye anlamca yakın Türkçe
41.Most people in the world
today recognize that it is the duty of a
government to develop a policy with regard
to the conservation of the environment.
A) Bugün dünyada pek çok insan, çevrenin
korunmasına yonelik bir politika
geliştirmenin, hükümetin gorevi olduğunu
B) Çevrenin korunmasına ilişkin bazı
politikalar geliştirmenin bir hükümet görevi
olduğu, bugün dünyada pek çok insan
tarafından kabul edilen bir gerçektir.
C) Bugün dünyada pek çok insanın da kabul
ettiği gibi, çevrenin korunması konusunda
etkili politikalar izlemek her hükümetin
D) Bir hükümetin gorevleri arasında çevrenin
korunmasına yönelik politikalar ortaya
koymanın da bulunduğu, bugün dünyada pek çok
insanın benimsediği bir
E) Çevrenin korunmasıyla ilgili politikalar
benimsemenin bir hükümetin temel gorevi
olduğu bugün dünyada pek çok insan
tarafından kabul edilmektedir.
42. Abu Dhabi may be the
largest and wealthiest of the seven emirates
that constitute the United Arab Emirates,
but it is Dubai that has come to the fore.
A) Her ne kadar Dubai çok bilinse de Abu
Dabi, Birleşik Arap Emirlikleri'ni kuran
yedi emirliğin en büyüğü ve en zengini
B) Birleşik Arap Emirlikleri'ni oluşturan
yedi emirlikten en büyüğü ve en zengini Abu
Dabi'dir, ancak bunlardan en çok bilineni
C) Birleşik Arap Emirlikleri'ni oluşturan
yedi emirlikten biri olan Abu Dabi, bunların
en büyüğü ve en zenginidir ama Dubai daha
D) Abu Dabi, Birleşik Arap Emirlikleri'ni
oluşturan yedi emirliğin en büyüğü ve en
zengini olabilir, ancak one çıkmış olan
E) Dubai daha iyi tanınmakla birlikte, Abu
Dabi'nin Birleşik Arap Emirlikleri'ni
oluşturan yedi emirliğin en büyüğü ve en
zengini olduğu kabul edilebilir.
43-In some parts of the world, many believe
that politics is not a suitable job for
women, but eventually such opposition seems
likely to disappear.
A) Dünyanın çeşitli bölgelerinde birçok
insan slyaseti kadınlar için uygun bir uğraş
olarak gormemekledir; ancak bu tür muhalefet
zamanla yok olacaktır.
B) Dünyanın bazı bölgelerinde pek çok kişi
slyasetin kadınlar için uygun bir uğraş
olmadığına inanmaktadır; ancak bu tür
muhalefet zamanla ortadan kalkacak gibi
C) Birçok insan slyasetin kadınlara uygun
bir iş olmadığını düşünmektedir; ancak
dünyanın pek çok yerinde bu muhalefetin
zamanla yok olacağına inanılmaktadır.
D) Dünyanın çeşitli bölgelerinde çoğu insan
slyasetin kadınlara uygun bir uğraş olduğuna
kesinlikle inanmamaktadır; ancak bu
muhalefet zamanla onemini
E) Pek çok kişi slyaseti dünyanın bazı
bölgelerinde, kadınların yapabileceği bir
uğraş olarak gormemektedir; ancak bu tür
muhalefetin zamanla onemini yitireceğine
44, The strategic importence
of Malta was first recognized by the
Phoenicians, who occupied it and established
a trade colony there.
A) Malta'nın stratejik onemini ilk anlayan
Fenikeliler, burayı işgal ettiler ve burada
3) Malta'nın stratejik onemi nedenlyle
burayı işgal eden Fenikeliler, ilk once bir
ticaret kolonisi kurdular.
C) Malta'nm stratejik onemi, ilk kez, arayı
işgal eden ve orada bir ticaret kolonisi
kuran Fenikelilerce anlaşılmıştır.
D) İlk kez Fenikeliler tarafından işgal
edilen Malta'nın stratejik onemi hemen
anlaşıldı ve burada bir ticaret kolonisi
E) Malta'nın stratejik onemini anlayarak
burayı işgal eden Fenikeliler, ilk ticaret
45. Analysis of the reddish
surface soil of Mars points to the presence
of oxidized iron, indtcating that at the
planet's surface is rusting.
A) Mars'ın kızılımsı yüzey toprağının
anallzi, gezegenin yüzeyinin paslanmakta
olduğunu gösteren oksitlenmiş demirin
varlığına işaret etmektedir.
8) Mars'ın kızılımsı yüzey toprağı anallz
edildiğinde, oksitlenmiş demirin varlığı
nedenlyle gezegen yüzeyinin paslanmakta
C) Mars'ın kızılımsı yüzey toprağının
anallzi, oksitlenmiş demirin varlığını
göstermektedir ve gezegen yüzeyinin
paslanmasının nedeni de budur.
D) Mars'ın kızılımsı yüzey toprağının
anallzinden, oksitlenmiş demır varlığının,
gezegen yüzeyinin paslanmasına yol açtığı
E) Mars'ın kızılımsı yüzey toprağının
anallzi ile, oksitlenmiş demir varlığına
bağlı olarak gezegen yüzeyinin paslanmasta
46. - 51. sorularda bos
birakilan yere, parçanin anlam bütünlüğünü
sağlamak için getirilebilecek cümleyi
46. The ability to recognize
people automatically by analyzing bodily
characteristics such as fingerprints, faces
and eyeballs -known as biometrics - has long
been a goal of both technologists and
governments. .................... Both
America and Europe plan to start issuing
biometric passports as soon as next year.
A) Lobby groups have campaigned against
biometrics on the grounds that they would
B} Biometric technology has been around for
quite some time, but has not been widely
C) The introduction or biometric identity
documerts cannot be consicered for a long
time since it would be so expensive
D) Plans for projects to incorporate
biometnc seans into passports. identity
cards and visas are now under way in several
E) Biometric could undemine security by
providing a sense of false security
47-Until the development of
the first scientific dating techniques
around the beginning of the ast century,
dating in archaeology depended almost
entirely on historical methods.
................ Such dating methods are
stili of immense value today.
A-For instance, excavations in Egypt at the
and of the 19th century brought to light
pottery of Aegean origin
B-in the ancient world, literate societies
such as these recorded their own history in
C) The chronological system reqires even
more careful reconsrruction, and any list of
rulers or kings needs to be reasonably
D-Other areas of Mesoamerica had their own
callendars which operated on similar lines
e) That is to say, it relied on
archaeological connections with chronologies
and calendars that people in ancient times
had themselves established
48. Many obstacles stili
remain for Japan's harassed chip industry.
............. Another problem is the slow
pace of decision-making.
49. There was a time when the
American accounting system was the envy of
the wortd, ................ it encouraged
millions of average people to invest, thus
transforming America into the world's first
mass equity culture.
A) Boosting the integrity and standards of
the Financial markets is a critical
B) Its transparency, uniformity and
credibility allowed investors to make
intelligent comparisons among US corporate
C) Regulators and analysists should have
embraced it or at least something very much
D) There are almost as many measures of
earnings today as there are companies
E) it offers them a road map to restoring
investor confidence though there are
shortcomings in the proposal that
50. The Conservative Party,
which dominated British politics in the 20tn
century, is a shadow of its former
self.............There is now only one
conservative Member of
Parliament from Scotland and none from
Wales. Large cities such as Liverpool elect
A) Moreover. the selection of parliamentary
candidates is in the hands of small groups
with extreme views
B) Elsewhere in Europe right-wing parties
continue to thrive
C) Thatcher governed Britain for 11 years
and was generally known as the "iron lady"
D) Even when a conservative candidate is
elected it is usually by a narrow margin
E) Their role in the European Parliament at
this time inspired neither respect nor
51. Researchers are
attempting to create the computer equivalent
of human cognitive abilities, and they have
success........................ But as
little as 50 years ago, how would people
have reacted to a machine thai corrected
errors in spelling and grammar!
A) The research community, underestimating
the incredibte abilities of the human brain,
seriously misjudged how difficult the task
B) in the field of intelligence, how does
man compare with machines?
C) Man was certainly reluctant to admit that
machines could be physically stronger than
D) The chess machine is an interesting
example in theory since all one had to do
was create a computer chip that could
analyze several million chess
positions per second.
E) For instance, we now have computerized
spelling and grammar checkers; they are
standard components of all word processors
52. - 57. sorularda, verilen durumda
soylenmiş olabilecek sozü bulunuz.
52. A friend's child is
acting in a very disturbing way. You feel
that professional help is urgently needed,
so you say to your friend and her husband:
A) Why don't you wait a little? l think
you're being over-anxious.
B) all children go through difficult limes.
C) I really think you ought to consult a
psychiatrist as soon as possible.
D) It's probably just a phase he's going
through. Not to worry.
E) You must come to some agreement between
yourselves before going to a psychiatrist.
53, You are organizing a
conference on the Hittites, and wish to open
it up to a wide public. Hence, you decide to
invite as the main speaker, an eminent
historian, well-known on account of his
studies in this field. On the phone you say
A) Your works on the Hittites have always
generated a lot of discussion among
B) Do try to come; your presence and your
speech at the conference will arouse a great
deal of public interest.
C) l am a great admirer of your work and
enjoyed listening to your paper at the
D) l was delighted to hear that you'll be
present at the opening of the conference.
E) Let me know as soon as possible whether
you will in fact be able to attend the
conference and give a paper.
54. You are sending an
article to a Journal tor publication and
wish to alert the editor to the fact that
the article is based on the results of
research which lasted tor nearly ten years,
in your covering letter you say:
A) it seems like ten years now since l began
working on this research project and have
finally got the results that are detailed in
B) During the past decade, I enjoyed
collecting the material for this article. l
hope you think it is worthwhile.
C) The material is completely reliable: I
collected it all myself.
D) I do have more material, but I think this
article is quite long enough.
E) Iwould like to point out that this
article draws upon almost a decade-long
55. You are working on the
Stock Exchange as a broker. A client of
yours is insisting on investing in the
shsres of a company that, in your opinion,
is not sound. To discourage him you say:
A) l believe you'd be well-advised to put
off making any decision for a while.
B) l presume you have checked on how this
company is doing, haven't you?
C) You may be right. l don't wish to
influence your decision.
D) l don't regard this as a wise choice
since this company no longer inspires
E) Come back in a day or two; in the
meantime, find out more about the company.
56. You are the judge
presiding over a trial and think that a
considerable amount of evidence presented by
the defence lawyer is of no relevance to the
case. So you say to him:
A) Are you quite sure that this piece of
evidence does not conflict with what you
have previously said?
B) in my opinion, the evidence presented by
the defence lawyer has little bearing upon
C) The evidence presented in this case seems
to me to be rather controversial.
D) The defence lawyer has presented his
evidence in a very precise manner.
E) l put it to you, as the lawyer for the
defence, that much of this evidence has
nothing to do with the case.
57. On entering your office you find a
colleague of yours working on your computer.
On seeing you, he immediately starts
apologizing and says:
A) I' m sorry I was not able to let you know
B) Sorry for using your computer without
C) I tried to reach you last night, but
didn't manage to.
D) Forgive me for not getting it finished in
E) Sorry to keep you waiting. It's almost
58, - 63.
sorularda cümleler siraslyla okunduğunda
parçanin anlam bütünlüğünü bozan cümleyi
58, (I) After decades of
experimentation, the first practical and
fairly reliabie typewriters arrived on the
market in the early 1870s. (II) Over the
next fifteen years or so they became
established in American offices and were
soon regarded as indispensable. (ili) But
they were large and ungainly. (IV)
Obviously, these early models printed under
the roller, so you couldn't see what you had
typed till several lines later. (V) Indeed,
one of the early models was built into a
table, like a sewing machine and had a pedal
to operate carnage return,
59. (l) While megacities are
renowned for pollution, they often generate
a lot of money. (II) Estimates made during
the past two decades suggested that most
megacities would continue to increase at an
alarming rate. (!!!) But contrary to
expectations, more people are now leaving
many of the world's (argest urban areas than
are moving in. (İV) For example, the
population of Sao Paulo was expected to
reach 24 million by the year 2000, but fewer
than 13 million live there now. (V) There is
a similar situation in cities such as
Calcutta, Buenos Aires and Beijing.
60. (I) in India, a
lower-middle-class group is steadily
emerging, (II) it was a long time before any
improvements were made to the
infrastructure, (III) Further, with the
arrival of television, the expectations of
these people have risen considerably. (IV)
Indians are now demanding better education
for their children. (V) They are also asking
for tarred roads to facilitate business, and
better products and services to make their
61. (i) The film Last Samurai takes place in
Japan in the mid-1870s and is based on the
life of Saigo Takamori, a samurai. (II) This
samurai lived during the period of
transition in which the country's ancient
feudai culture, symbolized by samurai
warriors, was being rapidly replaced by
western ways. (III) Production of the film
began at the 1000-year-oid Engyoji temple in
Hirneji near Tokyo. (IV) Throughout the
film, the producers tried to be true to the
elegant simplicity of Japanese architecture.
(V) The rest of the film was made in New
Zeaiand, where they built a replica of a
17th century samurai village, and in
62- (l) Europe has no need
for biotechnoiogy. (II) Its people are
already well-fed and its farmers receive
generous subsidies, (III) Apparently,
gene-spliced crops make farming safer,
easier and more productive. (IV) Indeed the
wealthy European countries are inclined to
see farming as a traditional cultural
activity, similar to folk dancing that
deserves preservation. (V) They don't see it
as an economic activity that needs to be
63- (I) Ever since the latter
part of the 1990s, industrial pollution is
being replaced by vehicle-linked smog in
China. (II) Already, Shanghai planners
estimate that 90% of the city's air
pollution is from motor vehicies. (III) The
thick smog over many Chinese cities has huge
health costs. (IV) The Worfd Bank estimates
* that air pollution takes about 5% of
China's Gross Domestic Prcduct (GDP) in
health care costs and lost productivity from
those too ill to work. (V) The nation has
placed enormous economic and political
capital into developing the car industry and
the cassenger car is rapidly becoming a
syrnbol of the country's success.
64. - 69. sorularda, verilen
cümleye anlamca en yakin olan cümleyi
64. The meeting lasted tor
longer than we had expected as, for some
reason or another, there were continual
A) The interruptions that made the meeting
last for so much longer than we anticipated
were all of them quite unnecessary.
B) it was on account of there being so many
interruptions that the meeting went on for
so much longer than we had expected.
C) We were interrupted time and again, on
various accounts, so the meeting went on
longer than we had anticipated.
D) in spite of a succession of quite
unnecessary interruptions, the meeting
didn't actually last much longer than the
time scheduled for it.
E) The scheduled time was not adequate for
the meeting but this was largely due to a
succession of very annoying interruptions.
65. He should have known better than to have
left his son in charge of the factory if
only for a week.
A) Though it was only for a week, it was
foolish of him to make his son responsible
for the running of the factory.
B) it was quite wrong of him to leave his
son to run the factory for as long as a
C) it was foolish of the boy to imagine he
could take his father's place in the factory
for a week.
D) He must have known that he couldn't leave
his son in charge of the factory for a whole
E) He was mistaken in thinking that his son
was up to the responsibility of running the
factory for a week.
66. To be honest, l wasn't
expecting Andy to stand up for me so openly
at the meeting.
A) l have to admit that l wasn't too pleased
when Andy took my part like that at the
B) Frankly, it came as quite a surprise to
me when Andy was so outspokenly on my side
at the meeting.
C) it came as quite a surprise to me, too,
that Andy should declare himself to be on my
D) Actually l really wish Andy hadn't been
so ostentatiously on my side throughout the
E) Naturally, when Andy look my part so
strongly at the meeting. I could hardly hide
67. it seems l'm expected to
introduce the main speaker at the
conference, so l'd better find out something
about his recent activities.
A) I need to familiarize myself with what
our main speaker has been doing of late, as
apparently it's my job to introduce him at
B)I've been chosen to introduce our main
speaker at the conference which means l need
to find out something about him.
C) Ihaven't managed to find out much about
our main speaker at the conference but must
do so as it's my job to introduce him.
D) As I've been asked to introduce the main
speaker at this conference, l shall
obviously have to get hold of some
information about his academic career.
E) If l am to introduce this speaker at our
conference, it's obviously essential that l
have some idea of what he has been doing in
68. in my opinion, too many
of the things that happen in this company
depend upon the chairman's discretion.
A) Just because he happens to be chairman of
the company he thinks he's the chief
B) Ireckon that the company chairman has far
too big a say in what happens here.
C) The fact that he's the company chairman
doesn't give him the right to give all the
D) it seems to me that the chairman
interferes in most of the affairs of the
E) As I see it, the company chairman doesn't
know how to delegate the work of the company
69. The reason behind the
minister's refusal to make a statement to
the press is uncertain, but l imagine he's
playing for time.
A) The minister continues to find excuses
for not making a statement to the press but
before long he will presumably have to do
B) l can't think why the minister stili
refuses to hold a press conference; perhaps
he doesn't have the time.
C) The minister, for some reason or another,
stili avoids a confrontation with the press
but he can't do this much longer.
D) No one knows why the minister is avoiding
meeting the press, but l expect he will have
to do so before long.
E) It's not clear why the minister has
declined to make a statement to the press,
but presumably it's a question of delay
70. - 75. sorularda,
karşilikli konuşmanin boş birakilan kismini
tamamlayabilecek ifadeyi bulunuz.
70. Jennifer: You know l took
a course in finance, but I really canngt
follow these arguments that are going on
concerning the stock markets.
Colin: That's because in finance text books,
markets are perfect and stock prices reflect
all available financial information.
A) Can't they do something to ensure that
individual stocks are more accurately
B| But how are investors reacting?
C) Are genuine earnings actually appreciably
lower than investors have been led to
D) l suppose you're actually saying that in
the real world this is not the case; is that
E) Actually, l reckon the buying and selling
of stocks is basically a form of gambling;
what do you think?
71. Giles: Isee the question of immigration
continues to carry a lot of weight in
Chris:Yes; they are not allowed to forget
that; and they've developed a complex about
Chris : Stili, immigration is a problem for
tnem, and a fifth of the Swiss population is
A) Last year some 12% of asylum applications
were accepted, this being an increase on
B) The party's supporters nearly all come
from the Gierman-speaking cantons.
C) Voters have again reacted proposals by
right-wingers who are seeking to limit
D) That's because the authorities turned
back Jewish refugees at the height of the
genocide during World War II.
E) They continue to be sensitive about
criticism abroad on this issue.
72. Gary: in Germany, only
one in five workers is a trade union member.
Gary: That wouldn't be as easy as it sounds.
A fair proportion of their lower house of
parliament are union officials.
Patrick: Is that so?
A) l didn't know that- So what's the
B) Then why doesn't the government simpiy
stand up to the unions?
C) So the unions can't have much power!
D) Then why is their power so great that
they are regarded as a kind of shadow
E) But they stiil make their presence felt
in various ways.
73. Aiec : How are you
getting on with that book of short stories
James gave you?
Alec:Why was that?
Malcolm : Well, all the stories make strange
things seem ordinary, and ordinary things
strange. It's rather disturbing at first.
A) Fine now, but found it a bit difficuit to
get into at first.
B) l haven't even oegun to read it.
C) It's too modern :or me; it's also too
D) To be honest, l don't really like
E) Grand. lrish Murdoch is one of my
74-Kitty: What is meant by &
Larry:It's a residential area that is
literally fenced off from the rest of a town
and privately guarded.
Larry: Oh, usually the rich and the famous;
for instance a lot of the country's
A) l wouldn't be happy living like, that.
Q) in Britain, what şort of peopie live
C) it might suit people of a nervous
D) Are they common in Europe and America?
E) That doesn't necessarily rnake.them
75. Mary: According to this
survey the majority of really successful
businesswomen invest themselves in their
careers, and are actually very lonely
Jennv : And what about the successful
Jenny: I can believe that. But it's odd,
A) Surely you're not suggesting that they
are lonely too
B) l haven't got to them yet. I 'll let you
know when I do
C) l don't know. l've never met one.
D) l hadn't thought about that. Aren't they
too busy to be lonely?
E) Their case is very different. They are
usually happily married and have children
76. - 80. sorulari aşağıdaki
parçaya gore cevaplayiniz.
Behavioural biologist Jane
Atkinson and her colleagues have been
studying the subtleties of how crows steal
food from one another. Atkinson had been
watching the birds at the beach as they fed
on fish, clams and other small animals in
the intertidal zone. She noticed that if a
crow had found a particularly large meal
that couldn't be eaten in a single gulp,
another crow would often come by and try to
steal the food away. Food theft is fairly
common in the bird world, so the crows'
thievery wasn't unexpected. What really
intrigued Atkinson was that the birds
employed two different tactics to take the
food. in some instances, the thieving bird
would take an aggressive approach -
typically involving some chasing or physical
contact, such as pecking in other exchanges,
however, the thief would use a more passive
method: merely approaching the other bird
secretively and steallng the food without
any commotion at all. What the team wanted
to know was: how did these tactics fit into
the group foraging practices of the crows?
76. According to the passage, the question
that interested the research team was .
A) whether the crows' srealing practices
were instinctive or acquired
B) wry the crcws chose to steal
C) related to the crows' foraging practices
D) whether the nature of the food affected
the degree of attempted theft
E) wheiher the stealing practices of crows
differed from those of other birds
77. it is clear from the
passage that the research team was not
surprised that the crows were trying to
steal from each other common
A) because this is a practice among birds
B) since there was a scarcity of food at the
C) though crows don't steal food as often as
other birds do
D) but it was surprised at their rate of
E) but the bitterness of the fight came as a
According to the passage, when one crow
plans to steal food from another one, _
A) this is really a means of establisning
B) it will invariably try to do so in the
first place without being seen
C) there will inevitably be a fight between
D) this is a sure sign that both crows are
E) it will sometimes approach quite openly
79-We understand from the
passage that so long as a crow _ .
A-can swallow its food at one gulp, it will
encounter no challenge
B-can find food easily, it will not steal
from another crow
C-can get food by stealing, it won't look
elsewhere for it
D-has eaten well, it is unlikily to try to
E) is able to steal food without fighring,
this is the method it will favour
80-it is ciear from the
passage that Jane Atkinson and her
A-knew rnuch more about crows than accut any
other type of bird.
B- are speciallstc in bird behaviour
C-are only interested in the eating habits
or birds are parcculariy interested in the
airferent types of food thar crows like to
E)-are impressed oy the similarity between
steallng practices of ail bird species
81. - 85.
sorulari aşağidaki parçaya gore
in many ways, Hollywood seems
to exemplify the most joyless aspects of
capitalism. The "industry", as it insists
upon calling itself, packages artistic ideas
and images as commodities and then values
those commodities accordmg to how they
"penetrate" markets. The system's worrying
inefliciency, of course, is that studios
never know what the public at large will
want to buy. So films are tested in front of
preview audiences, revised according to the
audience's suggestions, tested again, and
then marketed with a vigour directly
proportionate to the test scores. There are
two problems with this approach. The first
is that the test-sample size is minimal but
can determine a film's fate. The second is
that by the time the test audience sees a
film it's too late to change it very much
anyway, particularly when twenty, fifty or a
hundred million dollars has already been
81. One point made in the
passage about test audiences is that they .
A) seldom have any real understanding of
B) add to the expenses of film-making
C) rarely have any constructive criticism to
D) are ignorant of the Hoüywood techniques
of film making
E) are too small to be truly representative
of the general public
82. According to the passage,
film-makers find it difficult to .
A) carry out any market research to find out
about the wishes of film-goers
B) find volunteers for their preview
C) raise the money needed for film- making
D) guess what sort of films will be popular
and so profitable
E) revise scripts to meet the expectations
of their audiences
83-As we understand from the
passage, the writer _
A) is a great admirer of Hollywood's
B)seems reluctant to call tilm-making an
C)is sympathetic towards the film-industry
and wants it to be more successful
D)attaches great importance to the
suggestions of preview audiences
E)thinks that the amount spent on a film is
usually in proportion to its success
84- it is clear from the
passage that Hollywood regards its films as
A) commodities to be selectively marketed to
B) artistic creations designed for
C) goods to be dynamically marketed
D) the most creative products of capitallsm
E) financial investments which are sure to
make a profit
85- We understand from the
passage that the making of a film .
A) is far more important than the marketing
B) usually involves a very large financial
C) is a strictly secret process until it
finally goes on show
D) usually follows the norms established by
E) is guided by a whole series o
representative previev audiences
86. - 90. sorulari aşağidaki
parçaya gore cevaplayiniz.
Reading presents a real
paradox to neurobiologists. It was only
invented a few thousand years ago, so there
really has not been enough time for our
brain to evolve speciallzed ways to do it.
How do brain circuits produced by millions
of years of evolution in a world without
written words adapt to the specific
challenges of reading? We know we have to
learn the skill but how does our brain learn
to read? in the social sciences, the
majority of researchers do not see a
problem. There is a widespread view that the
brain is a completely adaptable organ,
capable of absorbing any form of culture.
Yet recent findings from brain imaging
studies and neurophysiology throw new light
on the organization of the reading circuits
in the brain. The findings contradict this
simplistic model of a brain that merely
absorbs everything from its cultural
environment. And they suggest that the
architecture of our brain is limited by
strong genetic constraints though it seerns
that it has still some degree of
86. The passage makes the
point that, until recently, .
A) it was only the abnormal brain that
attracted any attention
B) researchers in social sciences ignored
the views of neurophysiologists concerning
C) the brain was generally thought to adapt
itself easily to new cultural environments
D) the structure of the brain did not
attract much attention except from
E) neurophysiologists were not aware of the
structural complexity of the brain
87. The writer is intrigued by the fact that
the brain, which evolved long before the
written word came into use,
A) had already had the genetic capacity to
B- had been able to communicate through
C) had already developed certain reading
D) managed to adapt itself to the very
distinct skill of reading
E) had already achieved full flexibility to
adapt itself to new forms of culture
88. A recent view
neurophysiologists, the brain, is that _ .
A) it is extremely flexible as it is not
affected by genetic heritage
B) its structure is largely shaped by
C) it has developed various speciallzed
skills over the last thousand years or so
D) its circuits have remained constant for
millions of years
E) its creative powers are more apparent in
some fields of learning
89-According to the passage,
although people have had the skiil of
reading for several thousand years, _
A) the actual process of learning how to
read has only just been discovered by
B) there has been no improvement in the
speed at when people can read
C) the brain remains inflexible and cannot
cope with different cultures
D) from the angle of evolution, this has
been insufficient for the brain to develop
particularized reading skills
E) it is only in the social sciences that
this skill has been seriously studied
90. The purpose of the
passage is to
A) explain how the brain has evolved towards
creativity over thousands of years
B) raise questions about, rather than
explain, the reading abilities of the brain
C) highlight recent developments and
controversies in the field of
D) emphasize the adverse effects of
different cultural environments on the human
brain way from
E) draw attention to the neurobiology
91. - 95. sorulan aşağidaki
parçaya gore cevaplayiniz.
eyewitnesses have reported orange glows,
fireballs or flashes in the days before and
during an earthquake. it was in 1968,
however, that the first photographs of
"earthquake lights" were taken during a
series of earthquakes in Japan. Some showed
red streaks across the sky. Others looked
like a low blue dawn from a distance. in
1999, floating bails of light in the sky
were broadcast on Turkish television,
reportedly filmed the night before the
devastating earthquake of 7.4 on the Richter
scale that killed many thousand people in
the Marmara region of Turkey. Mysterious or
not, repeated sightings of earthquake lights
confirm their existence. it has to be said
that earthquake lights are a fairly
well-known phenomenon, but we don't know
what they mean, or what causes them.
Seismologists have struggled far years to
find a reliable earthquake predictor. Could
the lights hold the key?
91. in the passage, the
writer wonders whether .
A) earthquaks lights might help in the
prediction of earthquakes
B) the orange glows supposedly sighted
before an earthquake were actually seen
C) the photographs taken of earthquake
lights in Japan are of any scientific use
D) earthquakes cause the lights, or whether
the lights cause the earthquakes
E) the devastation caused by the Marmara
earthquake could have been prevented
92. The passage emphasizes
the fact that the Marmara earthquake
A) was televised as it was happening
B) was followed by strange lights in the sky
C) was indeed a catastrophic one
D) greatly puzzled seismologists
E) took everyone, seismologists included, by
93. We understand from the
passage that the sighting of earthquake
A) has led to a great deal of confused and
contradictory reporting amcng seismologists
B) first occurred in Japan
C) is a fairly recent phenomenon in Japan
D) has attracted virtually no scientific
attention from seismologis's
E) goes back a very long way in time
94-It is pointed out in the
passage that the photographic recording of
earthquake lights .
A) was made tor the first time less than
half a century ago
B) was only done with great succsss during
the Marmara earthquake
C) is what finally convinced people of their
D) is widely regarded as a visual deception
E-has always been a major concern for
95-The writer of the passage
seems to be confident that .
A) seismology is advancing rapidly through
the stucd of eartquakes lights
B)future eartquakeswill be reliably
predicted by means of eartquake lights
C)eartquake lights have frequently been
observed and even filmed
D) the mystery of earthquake lignts can
never be resolved
E) the appearance of fireballs and flashes
in the sky are a sure sign of an approaching
96. - 100. sorulan aşağıdaki
parçaya gore cevaplayınız.
Much has been said and
written about the declining numbers of and
disappointing lack of diversity among
American college students majoring in
engineering. Among the factors cited to
explain this phenomenon are the lack of
exposure of high school students to the very
idea of engineering and the fact that many
have insufficient mathematics and science
background to gain entrance to engineering
school, even if they do identify the
profession as a possible career. This is
unfortunate, for the ideas of engineering
should be integrated into the curricula not
only of high schools but also of middle and
primary schools. Our children are being done
a disservice by not being exposed properly
throughout their education to engineering
activities identifted as such. Arter all,
even pre-school children have the
prerequisites in their play for appreciating
exactly what engineering is: design. Indeed,
design is everywhere around them throughout
their school day, even in their
before-school and after-school activities.
it need only be pointed out to them that
they are designing something, and therefore
being engirteers of sorts, in virtually
everything that they do.
96. The writer of the passage
feels strongiy that ..............
A) children should be involved in
engineering activities at an early age
B) many children are being unfairly directed
into a career in engineering
C) the mathematics anc science courses in
schools need to be modernized
D) university engineering courses ought to
E) the educarion of pre-schcol children is
being given too much importance
97. The writer points out
chat children can, at a very early
A) be encouraged to take part in
B)devolop an interest in scientific matters
C)make up their minds to study engineering
D)learn something about the basis of
engineering, which is design
E)be influenced by their school environment
98-The writer recognizes the
fact that engeenering....................
A)is becoming less and less popular as a
field of study among university students
B) is only suitable for highly intelligent
C)is a complicated subject only suitable for
really mature students
D) has become one of the most popular fields
of study at American universities
E)requires many years of treaning prior to
99-Among the reasons given in
the passage for the decline in the numbers
of engeenering students is that............
A)the American schools still follow
B) university entrance requirements are far
C) it is generally recognized as one of the
most diffucult of all the courses
D) engeenering in the US is not considered
to be a competitive field of study
E)many of them fail to acquire an adequate
knowledge of mathematics and science at high
100-According to the passage,
all school programmes--------.
A)should be designed to make students aware
of the engineering practices and principles
B)ought to give priority to the sciences
C)must encourage children to make creative
D)seem to put the emphasis on the need to
E)overlook the fact that all children are