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2003 Mayıs Dönemi KPDS Soruları
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MAYIS 2003 KPDS
1. As the new field-worker will be
working in close ________________ with
several others, make sure you select
someone with an agreeable personality.
2. Sponsorship is being increasingly
allowed in schools provided it is
regarded as being ________________ with
3. The discovery of a
________________ cancer-causing chemical
in foods like crisps, chips and cereals
caused shock waves around the world when
it hit the headlines earlier this year.
4. Each year, large amounts of carbon
monoxide are ________________ into the
atmosphere by automobiles and factories.
5. The first two paragraphs
________________ the particular
requirements of the digital environment
as the source of data and as a means of
producing maps and other visualizations.
b) run out of
c) break through
d) stop short of
e) look down on
6. Professional tennis, which got its
start in 1926 when the French player
________________ 50,000 US dollars for a
tour, only ________________ full
recognition in 1968.
been paid / has received
b) was paid / received
c) has been paid / would receive
d) is paid / receives
e) would be paid / had received
7. Once the
director ________________ just how much
was at stake, he ________________
immediate steps to deal with the
/ will take
b) has realized / had taken
c) had realized / took
d) realized / takes
e) would realize / has taken
8. The once radical notion that birds
________________ from dinosaurs
________________ stronger and stronger
palaeontologists first started
taking it seriously a couple of decades
/ has grown
b) have descended / grew
c) had descended / had grown
d) descend / is growing
e) are descending / was growing
9. Throughout his term in office,
President Clinton ________________ by
allegations relating to the Whitewater
real estate deal in which he and his
wife, Hillary Clinton, ________________
prior to the 1992 election.
dogged / are involved
b) had been dogged / were involved
c) was dogged / had been involved
d) has been dogged / have been involved
e) was being dogged / may have been
10. The essays taken together tell
the story of how the US became an
economic power ________________ a scale
unprecedented ________________ history.
a) for /
b) at / by
c) with / from
d) thought / at
e) on / in
11. ________________ the surprise of
the archaeologists, the structures
turned out to be the remains
________________ two domed tombs, each
over a thousand years old.
a) To / of
b) At / from
c) For / by
d) With / over
e) By / through
12. More than 29
million Africans are now infected with
HIV, and the disease is killing
________________ all the continent's
many / as
b) either / or
c) more / than
d) not only / but also
e) both / and
13. He did ________________ better in
the interview ________________ any of
the other applicants.
a) much /
b) rather / than
c) as / for
d) still / with
e) far / from
14. Geographical Information System
specialised functions for spatial
data input, processing, analysis and
output, ________________ Database
Management System tools provide more
advanced functions for storing and
managing large spatial databases.
b) due to
e) in that
15. Photosynthesis is the process
________________ green plants
manufacture carbohydrates, using the
energy of sunlight.
b) on which
d) by which
Anyone looking for a way to something
for the environment need look no further
than their own home. In its struggle to
with the Kyoto Protocol of 1997 and
reduce greenhouse gas emissions to
___(17)___ 1990 levels, the EU
___(18)___ to reduce energy consumption
in the home. This is ___(19)___
surprising since the
million buildings are ___(20)___
responsible for a staggering 40% of all
energy consumed by its 15 states.
16. a) coincide b) agree c) augment d)
compete e) comply
17. a) forward
b) above c) behind d) below e) back
18. a) to
have sought b) would seek c) having
sought d) would be seeking e) is seeking
19. a) hardly
b) nevertheless c) more d) indeed e)
20. a) nearly
b) apparently c) therefore d) likely e)
The United States will officially
take 70,000 refugees in 2003. ___(21)__
the number will be much lower as many
thousands will be caught up in lengthy
___(22)___ necessitated by
post-September 11th security procedures.
In 2002, for example, America ___(23)___
only 30,000 refugees, the lowest number
in 25 years. This is a remarkable ___(24)___
of America's traditional generosity
___(25)___ the world's displaced.
21. a) In place of b) In return c) In
practice d) In case e) In excess of
22. a) distinctions
b) competitions c) departures d) delays
23. a) had
accepted b) has accepted c) would accept
d) is accepting e) accepted
24. a) reversal
b) exchange c) comparison d) expression
25. a) against
b) through c) over d) towards e) beyond
26. Unlike most animals, the baby
elephant very often has to be up on its
feet and moving with the herd
it is fully functional straightaway
b) so it has an amazing ability to lean
and remember things
c) as if there were a long period of
d) before it is even an hour old
e) because a nomadic life-style
necessitated such practices
27. According to the newspapers, the
investigators, who visited Ukraine over
the sale of radar-detection equipment to
Iraq, complained ________________.
considerable incriminating evidence has
b) though some officials have admittedly
c) that vital information was being
d) whether other countries ought to come
under their scrutiny
e) though effective action would have
28. Japan has produced two hi-tech
a) that has been designed to serve
b) which display the sort of innovation
for fun treatment we expect from that
c) neither of them is designed with the
fans in mind
d) whenever there is novelty for the
sake of novelty
e) as there is provision for novel
waterproofing systems which are highly
29. ________________, urban farms are
usually far more productive than their
a) If city authorities and
agricultural researchers continue to
ignore urban farming
b) Because they tend to be small and
carefully looked after
c) Even though most farmers didn't use
d) While the highest productivity has
been on the smallest plots
e) As better child nutrition can be
linked to the local production of food
in urban areas
30. It has only recently been
a) just as in Huntington's disease a
defective protein kills brain cells
b) why the nerve cells of the adult
human brain were long thought to be too
specialized to regenerate
c) because now it appears that the brain
can greatly increase production in an
attempt to repair damage
d) In case the discovery raises the
possibility of developing drugs to
encourage cells to regenerate faster and
e) that adult human brains can generate
31. ________________ as one does not
know the contents of the next chapter!
a) He should have weighed the matter
more carefully at the start
b) The writing of any kind of
contemporary history is always a
c) The subject he chose was a highly
d) The speech aroused no response
whatsoever in the audience
e) He'll probably keep within the limits
set down by his adviser
32. Though the UK
possesses a third of all Europe's wind
energy potential ________________.
a) Denmark was leading in the world
in wind technology
b) most of the industrial world had been
slow to recognize the benefits of wind
c) it still produces far less than other
d) hydroelectric power is another
renewable energy resource
e) there could have been a drop of
around 7% in the gas emissions
33. ________________, a multitude of
new residential developments are
a) Unless the first impression is a
b) Once the
new marina had started
c) If there were a reception centre to
greet prospective customers
d) Since Dubal
would like to persuade people to stay on
a more permanent basis
e) As if they have benefited from the
swimming pool and sports facilities
relatively few people have outright food
are many who have difficulty in
digesting certain foods
b) peanuts are among the most allergenic
c) biotechnologists are altering some
foods genetically in an attempt to
eliminate the proteins
d) the majority took a firm stand
against genetically modified foods
e) the number of people who experience a
reaction to vegetables is very
35. If only the tax return over the
year had been as high as had been
a) this can easily be accounted for
b) they have underestimated their
c) some people regard accounting as an
art, not a science
d) companies are no longer the unified,
self-contained organizations that they
used to be
e) such increased government outlays on
public services would have been feasible
36. At the 1994 Brussels NATO summit a
"partnership for peace" programme was
formally launched, enabling the old
Warsaw Pact members and former
republics to take part in a wide range
of military cooperation with NATO.
c) 1994 Brüksel
d) 1994 Brüksel
ilk kez 1994
37. One of the issues covered by the
Maastricht Treaty, which took effect on
1 November 1993, is the European Union's
a) 1 Kasım
c) 1 Kasım
e) 1 Kasım
38. At a UN conference held in Rome
in July 1998, an agreement was reached
to set up a permanent international
criminal court to try individuals
accused of war crimes and crimes against
European Monetary System was established
in 1979 in the wake of the 1974 oil
crisis, which brought growing disruption
to European economics because of
floating exchange rates.
d) 1974 petrol
e) 1979'da Avrupa
40. "Project Skylab" was designed to
demonstrate that men can live and work
prolonged periods without ill effects.
e) "Skylab Projesi"
a) In order to heat their homes,
Americans prefer to use different forms
of energy, including natural gas and
b) Americans use a variety of energy
sources, from natural gas to solar
power, to heat their homes.
c) Natural gas and solar power are just
two of the energy sources that Americans
use to heat their homes.
d) Americans favour
natural gas and solar power as the
energy sources for heating their homes.
e) In order to heat their homes,
to prefer either natural gas or solar
energy over other energy sources.
a) Following the government's ruling
for no entrance charges for museums and
art galleries, more and more people will
start to visit them.
b) An increasing number of people had
begun to visit the museums and art
galleries even before the government
abolished entrance fees.
c) If the government decides to stop
charging entrance fees for museums and
art galleries, many more people will
start to visit them
d) As soon as the government had
abolished entrance charges, many more
people started to visit the museums and
e) Now, as there are no admission
charges for museums and art galleries,
following a government ruling, an
increasing number of people are visiting
a) The question everyone wants
answered as regards the explosion of the
space shuttle Colombia and the deaths of
its astronauts is very simple: why?
b) Following the explosion of the space
shuttle, Colombia, and the deaths of its
astronauts, the simple question everyone
is asking: why?
c) After the explosion of the space
shuttle Colombia and the deaths of its
astronauts, the problem that worried
everyone, was: why?
d) When the space shuttle Colombia
exploded and its crew died, the question
everyone was asking was quite simply:
e) When the space shuttle Colombia,
together with all its crew, exploded,
everyone asked the same, simple
a) Once The
United Nations had recommended
partitioning Palestine into Jewish and
Arab regions, the state of Israel could
have been proclaimed on 14 May 1948.
b) Once the partition of Palestine into
Jewish and Arab regions had been
approved by the United Nations, the
state of Israel was immediately
14 May 1948.
c) Upon the United Nations' approval of
the partition of Palestine into Jewish
and Arab territories, the state o Israel
was proclaimed on 14 May 1948.
d) The state of Israel was proclaimed on
14 May 1948 since the United Nations was
recommending the partitioning of
Palestine into Jewish and Arab parts.
e) The state of Israel was proclaimed on
14 May 1948 following there commendation
of the United Nations that Palestine
should be divided into Jewish and Arab
a) In common with many other animals,
human beings laugh but do not cry.
like many other animals, cry, but
laughing seems to be reserved for them
c) Animals and humans can cry, but it is
only humans, who laugh.
d) The ability to cry is shared by
humans and all other animal, but no
laughter; that is uniquely human.
e) Crying, as opposed to laughing which
is uniquely human, is a
that humans share with many other
Japan, the brighter economic picture of
the first 6 months of 2002 failed to
carry over into the second half of the
year. ___________. This was no doubt
influenced by rising unemployment which
is now at a record high.
a) External demand supported Japan's
exporters to some degree, but the
domestic market was at a low ebb
b) The year 2003 will doubtless be
another difficult year for the Japanese
c) Recovery looks like being slow
d) This uncertainty gave rise to a cut
in interest rates
e) Once global investor confidence
returns, equity markets will, in all
likelihood, start to perform well again
47. There is a popular theory that
suggests we only use 10 per cent of our
brain, and that if we could just find a
way to tap the other 90 per cent it
might be employed in the important
question o how it works. ____________. A
recent spate of studies shows that all
areas of the brain are active when
performing day-to-day functions and
there is no 90 per cent that remains
a) There are countless other ways in
which the human brain is unique
b) Unfortunately, this theory has turned
out to be wrong
c) We should also remember that other
animals are clever too, though in
d) Another theory tries to account for
the fact that we are suspicious of
e) This explains why, unlike other
animals, we are able to ignore the
selfish dictates of our genes
48. Satellite tracking of sharks has
at last put an end to a 50-year-old
assumption about their habits,
___________. Instead, they travel vast
distances all year round in search of
a) Our knowledge concerning the
habits of sharks has increased immensely
during this period
b) Some assumptions never do get tested
c) In this respect sharks are quite
d) It has now been finally established
that they do not hibernate
e) Such an assumption was easy enough to
49. A recent survey carried out by
the UK lecturers' union shows that
almost a quarter of respondents rate
their academic freedom as limited, poor
or non-existent. ___________. In 30% of
cases, that pressure had come from the
organization paying for the research.
a) Researchers in every sector know
that they must get positive results into
b) Most worrying is the results of this
loss of integrity on medical research
c) Some researchers said they had been
pressurized to alter results, delay
their publication or even bury them
d) The public loss of confidence in
science has reached serious proportions
and must be faced squarely
e) Those with access to the truth are
too often those with most to gain from
50. For many of the world's crucial
arable lands, the availability of water
is the single greatest threat to yields.
___________. One way to ensure this is
drip irrigation which delivers water
direct to the plants' roots. It is
unfortunately, far more expensive than
a) Actually, certain minor changes
could greatly improve the efficiency of
many of the world's largest irrigation
b) Moreover, the monitoring of soil
moisture can also be useful
c) Agricultural researchers are working
to develop strains of rice that require
d) In certain areas the food eaten by
livestock comes from irrigated fields
e) It is therefore essential that less
water is wasted
51. Zambia's people have a literacy
rate of 78%, which is high compared with
many poor African countries. However, it
has only library, one university and no
television stations. Its economy is very
limited, with copper mining accounting
for over 80% of the country's foreign
currency intake. ___________.
a) Even so, in 2001, its president,
contemplated changing the constitution
to allow him to run for another
b) In fact, it has an annual industrial
growth rate of only 1 per cent
c) Early humans inhabited present-day
Zambia two million years ago
d) In 1972, Kenneth
Kaunda, the first president o the
country, outlawed all opposition
e) In 1924, the British government took
over the administration of the region
52. You have a friend, who is a
banker, and for some time he has been
advising you to buy certain shares. You
have put off ding so, but it has become
clear that your investments are not
doing at all well, and so you have
decided to take his advice. You phone
him and say.
a) It gave me a nasty shock to see
that the shares you so strongly
recommended have fallen so sharply.
b) I'm somewhat uneasy about those
shares you recommend. I'll think it over
for a day or two.
c) I wish I had bought more of those
shares before they went up.
d) By the way, the shares you persuaded
me to buy really have gone up nicely.
e) I'm quite convinced that your advice
was right; so I'm going to invest in
53. You are a professional climber
helping to organize some amateurs. When
the climbers left, the weather was clear
and bright. But since than a great deal
of mist has descended over the mountains
and visibility is almost
nil. None of
these climbers are very experienced and
you are worried that they will lose
their way and perhaps panic and fall.
You can't decide what to do but want to
share you worry, and so turn to a
colleague at the camp and say:
a) Of course, in situation like
this, we can't send anyone after them.
b) Thanks goodness, we sent a good guide
with them, so there's no need to worry.
c) I do feel anxious about them. Have
you any suggestions about what we ought
d) This mist is already lifting and that
is the end of the problem.
e) Several of them are quite
experienced. Don't you think they'll
manage to take care of the others?
54. New policies for market expansion
have been under discussion at a board
meeting. The president likes to keep
things as they are but you feel it is
necessary to implement at least some new
policies, or the company really will
start to get into serious trouble. You
a) I doubt whether any of these
suggestions for market leadership would
b) Sometimes change may be necessary.
but in our
case it isn't really urgent.
c) Are these changes sufficient to keep
the company afloat?
d) I know you don't like change, but,
unless such changes are introduced, the
company is going to suffer.
e) I'm not at all convinced that these
new policies will get the results we
55. A younger colleague has been
working hard on a research project. He's
now come across a major problem, and
this has so discouraged him that he
seems about to give the whole project
up. You are quite sure he's perfectly
capable of overcoming the problem. So,
you say to him:
a) With your talents, you can easily
succeed! Just set your mind to it!
b) If you are really in trouble there
are plenty of people who will help you.
c) It seems to me that this project
constitutes too big a challenge for you.
d) If you find this so difficult why
don't you find another topic?
e) Are you quite sure that this project
is worth all the effort you are putting
56. A young colleague has
unfortunately got himself mixed up with
a group of decidedly unpleasant people.
There have been two incidents recently
in which the police have been called in.
This has upset the young man and he has
come to you for advice. You want him to
make a complete break with the group
around him immediately, and say firmly.
time to make new friends, with people
who are more like you.
b) Start to see less of them; say you're
c) You'd better break off all ties with
that group once and for all!
d) I honestly can't understand what you
see in them.
e) If I were you, I'd slowly start to
keep out of their way.
57. You are as the lawyer for the
defence at a
trial for a case of burglary. When it's
your turn to cross-examine the witness
you begin by asking a question that
doesn't relate to the man's appearance.
a) When you saw this man, was he
b) You say this man4s hair was black.
Could that have been because the night
c) You've described him well. How old do
you think he was?
d) Did the man seem to you to be
excited, or was he quite calm?
e) This man you saw, did he turn left or
right when he left the building?
true partnership between develop and
developing countries could have achieved
a breakthrough. (II)Over the past
half-century the dream of a world free
from poverty, disease and despair has
grown no nearer to
fulfilment. (III)In the 1960s,
some 60 countries actually grew poorer.
(IV)Over the years, 30,000 children have
been dying daily of preventable disease.
(V)Further, the spread of AIDS has
become the most deadly epidemic in human
a) I b) II c) III d)
IV e) V
59. (I)The world's
population continues to increase.
(II)And despite the rise in high-tech
agriculture, 800 million people don't
get enough to eat. (III)Admittedly,
that's often due to a lack of money-the
world actually produces enough for
everyone, at least for now. (IV)In many
African countries, famine has been a
major concern for the United Nations.
(V)But by 2050 we will have 9 billion
mouths to feed, 3 billion more than
a) I b) II c) III d)
IV e) V
60. (I)It will be a bad
year for football clubs across Europe.
spiralling wage demands and
transfer fees in the belief that
increasing television revenues would
cover the costs, the realization that
they will not, will lead to urgent
reform. (III)Clubs across Europe have
been given lucrative television
contracts. (IV)Middle-sized clubs in
England, Italy and Germany will be worst
affected. (V)At least ten well-known
clubs are at risk of bankruptcy.
a) I b) II c) III d)
IV e) V
Rome, which was the largest and most
famous of the Roman amphitheatres, was
opened for use in 80 A.D. (II)Even
so, there are others that are in better
condition. (III)Elliptical in shape, it
consisted of three
storeys and upper gallery. (IV)It
was principally used for gladiatorial
combat. (V)As for its capacity, it could
seat up to 50,000 spectators.
a) I b) II c) III d)
IV e) V
62. (I)Aerobic dancing,
which exercises the whole body, is a
popular type of exercise and is
available at most community
(II)Stress aerobics primarily exercises
the muscles in the upper legs (III)There
people can exercise at their own pace
with guidance from experienced
instructors. (IV)Lively music and
familiar routines make the workout
enjoyable. (V)Further, committing
oneself to a schedule and exercising
with friends can improve motivation.
a) I b) II c) III d)
IV e) V
63. (I)Sir Francis
Galton is an
English anthropologist and a pioneer of
human intelligence studies. (II)He made
important contributions to many fields
of knowledge. (III)His research revealed
important facts about the intellectual
and physical characteristics that are
passed on from one generation to the
family included men and women of
exceptional ability one of whom was his
cousin Charles Darwin. (V)He also
discovered that characteristics of two
different generations could be plotted
against one another.
a) I b) II c) III d)
IV e) V
64. We might well find that we need
more than three weeks in which to
complete a report of this kind.
a) It shouldn't take us more than
three weeks to finish a report like this
b) We might as well try to get this
report finished within three weeks.
c) I don't imagine we can get through
this report in three weeks, but we can
d) A report of this kind has never been
drawn up in under three weeks.
e) It's quite
likely that three weeks won't be
sufficient for us to finalize such a
65. Frankly, in my opinion the girl's
musical abilities are no more than
average for her age.
a) Even so, if you take the girl's
age into account, her musical
performance was no better than that of
any of the others.
b) To be honest, I don't think the
girl's musical talents are anything out
of the ordinary considering her age.
c) To be fair, for a girl of her age,
you can hardly regard her musical
abilities as impressive.
d) Indeed she's not all that young, so I
don't think this girl merits so much
praise for her musical abilities
e) If you
think about it, there's nothing
extraordinary about her musical
performance if you remember her age.
66. For many years now transport
planners in the UK have been demanding
that motorists pay directly for the use
a) In the opinion of British
it is the motorists themselves who
should have paid for the upkeep of the
roads all these years.
b) Over the years, transport planners in
the UK have been suggesting that the
upkeep of roads must be paid for by the
c) Transport planners in the UK have,
for a long time now, been insisting that
those who use the roads must pay for
d) British transport planners
recommended, a long time ago, that those
who use the roads must pay for their
e) In Britain, transport planners have
been arguing for many years that the
upkeep of the roads is the
responsibility of motorists.
67. The dramatic fall in share prices
took even the experts by surprise.
a) Even those in the know were
unprepared for the rapid drop in share
b) The experts themselves were worried
at the sudden drop in share prices.
c) The rapid fall in share prices came
as a shock to all but the experts.
d) Even those who had been following
share prices closely hadn't expected
them to fall so dramatically.
e) When share prices suddenly dropped,
even those who knew the market well were
68. The new range of products
launched last Autumn
is already selling well.
a) The market for the new goods has
improved greatly since last
b) Sales of the new products that
appeared on the market in the
at last doing well.
c) Articles on sale for the first time
in the Autumn
are finally selling well.
d) The goods put onto the market for the
first time last
Autumn lave already found plenty
e) The are still few buyers for t he new
range of goods that first made an
behaviour depends very much on
the information we collect about other
a) Our social
behaviour reflects to some extent
what we feel about the people around us.
b) The conduct of he people around us
dictates our own social
c) Our knowledge of others has a
considerable effect upon our social
d) Our attitude towards the people we
come into contact with is naturally
reflected in our social
e) As we collect information about other
people the way we behave towards them
may alter radically.
70. Colin :-
How do people spend their money in
Britain once the basic expenses have
rather depends on the age group. The
young ones like to eat and go to night
clubs and health clubs.
Gary :-They tend to spend quite a lot on
improving their homes and their gardens.
a) What about the summer holidays? Where
do they like to go?
b) Are you sure? I thought they liked
going off to France or Spain at
c) How old are these "young" people you
d) That doesn4t appeal to me. I must be
e) And what about the more sober
71. Adam :-
In the 1980s, surely, there were high
rates of unemployment in Italy as well
as in England?
so. But in England you saw the
unemployment everywhere, but not in
Adam : ______
Clive :-Because actually the people in
Italy were all employed doing something
in hundreds of informal ways that the
taxman presumably never knew about.
a) Not in Germany, either, I imagine.
b) Are you sure about that?
c) I never knew that. What happened?
d) I wonder why that
e) How odd! I suppose they all stayed
72. Jean :-
Why are you applying for a position in
General Hospital in Southampton?
to start with, it's a first class
hospital. Also the situation appeals to
Adam :-Not really. Just one hour by
a) But it's an awful long way from
b) I thought you'd prefer some place
nearer to London.
c) You haven't even seen the place!
d) Well, it certainly doesn't appeal to
e) Otherwise, you'd be advised to stay
nearer to London.
73. James :-
The third lunar attempt was classified
as a "successful failure". What an odd
really. It failed because it didn't
achieve what it set out to do; but the
rescued and that was its success.
Alan :-Right. And the emphasis is in the
right place: on human life.
a) I believe one of the oxygen tanks was
ruptured during the attempt.
b) Is that
true or did you make it up?
c) Yes, now I understand. It's logical
when you think about it.
d) I can't even remember why the attempt
e) When the shuttle Challenger exploded,
it killed the crew of seven.
74. Greg :-
If they say something is a "foregone
conclusion", what do they mean?
mean it's pretty certain what's going to
Greg : ______
Father :-They mean there's not much
doubt about which country is going to
a) So, imagine they are talking about
who is going to win the tennis
b) So, if they are talking about who is
going to win the war, what do they mean?
c) Can there be a foregone conclusion
when they are deciding on Nobel
d) But can one be quite certain about
e) Are you quite sure you are going to
get that promotion?
Was "The Flying Scotsman" an aircraft?
Jean : - Then why is it described as
it was a fast train. It was a luxury
express running between London and
a) No, it wasn't; it was a train.
b) I'm not sure. Perhaps it was.
c) I don't think so. It could have been
d) Ask Richard. He's knowledgeable about
e) I don't see why it should be.
It may be that golf originated in
Holland but certainly Scotland fostered
the game and is famous for it. In fact,
in 1457 the Scottish Parliament,
disturbed because football and golf had
lured young Scots from the more
soldierly exercise of archery, passed an
ordinance that banned football and golf.
James I and Charles I of the royal line
of Stuarts were golf enthusiasts,
whereby the game came to be known as
"the royal and ancient game of golf".
The golf balls used in the early games
were leather-covered and stuffed with
feathers. Clubs of all kinds were
fashioned by hand to suit
individual-players. The great step in
spreading the game came with the change
from the feather ball to the present-day
ball introduced in about 1850. In 1860,
formal competitions began with the
establishment of an annual tournament
for the British Open championship. There
are records of "golf clubs" in the
United States as far back as colonial
days. However, it remained a rather
sedate and almost aristocratic pastime
until a 20-year-old Francis
Boston defeated two great British
Ted Ray, in the United States Open
championship at Brookline, Mass., in
1913. This feat put the game and Francis
the front pages of the newspapers and
stirred a wave of
enthuslasm for the sport.
76. As we
understand from the passage, golf only
became a popular game __________.
an unknown American beat two famous
British golf players in a US tournament.
the annual tournament organized in 1860.
c) in the
time of James.
d) after the
introduction of annual formal
competitions in both England and
e) after golf
clubs were set up in colonial America.
to the passage, it was at one time
believed in Scotland that __________.
was a better game than golf for young
tournaments made the game too
c) golf was having an adverse effect on
young people's military skills
d) young people should be encouraged to
take up either golf or archery
e) the origins of archery were in some
way associated with Holland
78. It is pointed out in the passage
that golf __________.
a) was to some extent
b) has been overshadowed by football in
c) requires a great deal of expensive
d) receives less newspaper coverage than
e) didn't arouse as much enthusiasm as
archery did in medieval Scotland
79. The point is made in the passage
that golf has been described as a
"royal" game __________.
a) though for the last two centuries
no kings have participated in the game
b) since the professionals of the game
are treated with so much respect
c) as golf clubs are particular about
who they accept as members
d) because two British kings were
e) which Americans find very annoying
80. As we learn from the passage, it
was around the mid-19th century that
old golf ordinance of the Scottish
Parliament was repealed
b) the first formal golf competitions
between America and Britain were held
c) the newspapers began to cover major
d) Scotland became the world's leading
country in golf
e) important changes were introduced
The economic news from Europe was
particularly disappointing in the second
half of 2002. Moreover, recent surveys
from the region imply little prospect of
improvement in the near future. Perhaps
the most worrying aspect has been the
sharp decline in conditions in
Germany-the area's largest and most
important economy. Domestic demand in
Germany is very weak and, with the
global economy also struggling,
Germany's manufacturers have not been
able to export their way out of trouble
as they have done in the past. With the
economy in such a weak state, it is no
surprise then that European stock
markets have followed the US stock
markets' downturn over the past 6
months. While individual share pries may
be lower and market valuations look
attractive, the economy does not.
Recovery seems some way off and strong
equity performance from Europe's markets
seems unlikely in 2003.
81. We understand from the passage
that the economic prospects in the
current year for the European stock
a) are not foreseeable
b) are certainly promising
c) are constantly under discussion
d) seem most encouraging
e) don't look hopeful
82. It is pointed out in the passage
that the present economic recession in
a) is actually not as serious as is
being experienced in several other
b) is being overcome by means of
c) is more persistent than previous ones
d) should have been foreseen much
e) has been exaggerated in several
83. The passage points out that
Germany's current economic problems
a) have left the stock markets of
b) have led to a worrying decline in the
c) are far serious than those of any
other country in Europe
d) stem in part from a drop in domestic
e) are in fact not as alarming as they
were once thought to be
84. According to the passage, the
trend in European stock markets
not reflect the economic situation in
b) has been roughly the same as that in
the US stock markets
c) improved greatly during the last six
months of 2002
d) is related to the level of domestic
demand in Germany
e) seems to change every six months
85. The phrase "to export their way
out of trouble" means __________.
a) to expand their market capacity
through more exports
b) to find trouble-free markets for
c) to work extremely hard to increase
d) to put and end to the slump
e) to get out of the recession through
Scientist who study earth's moon have
two big regrets about the six Apollo
missions that landed a dozen astronauts
on the lunar surface between 1969 and
1972. The biggest regret, of course, is
that the emissions ended so abruptly,
with so much of the moon still
unexplored. But researchers also lament
that the great triumph of Apollo led to
a popular misconception: because
astronauts have visited the moon, there
is no compelling reason to go back. In
the 1990s, however, two probes that
orbited the moon raised new questions
about Earth's airless satellite. One
stunning discovery was strong evidence
of water ice in the perpetually shadowed
areas near the moon's poles. Because
scientists believe that comets deposited
water and organic compounds on both
Earth and its moon, well-preserved ice
at the lunar poles could yield clues to
the origins of life.
86. The point made in the passage is
that it may be possible to __________.
a) come to a better understanding of
comets through the study of the moon
b) learn more about the beginnings of
life from the ice at the moon's poles
c) resume Apollo missions as there is
evidence of water on the moon
d) identify the origin of the organic
compounds found on the moon
e) have a full knowledge of the moon
without sending anymore astronauts
87. As is pointed out in the passage,
one significant outcome of the lunar
probes in the 1990s was __________.
staggering finding of evidence of water
on the moon
b) the focussing
of scientific attention on the comets
c) the resumption of lunar missions
d) the realization that life is possible
on the moon
e) the realization that there were great
similarities between earth and moon
88. According to the passage, even
through there were six Apollo missions
to the moon roughly thirty years ago,
a) none of them could claim to be
b) man's knowledge of the moon has not
increased at all
c) a very large proportion of the lunar
surface remains to date unexamined
d) it was only the lunar poles that were
e) the idea of sending astronauts back
to the moon seems even more far-fetched
89. As we understand from the
passage, a great many people __________.
lunar missions should continue
b) regard the Apollo missions as a
c) are sure the moon cannot support life
d) feel that the very fact that man has
landed on the moon is enough
e) regard scientific investigations of
the moon as unfeasible
90. A major point made in the passage
is that __________.
a) comets hold the secrets of the
origins of life in the universe
b) the six Apollo missions to the moon
were a great scientific success
c) the chances of finding water on the
moon are very slim
d) the probes of the 1990s demonstrated
that the lunar landings should have
e) scientists are agreed that there is
nothing further to learn about the moon
The US National Institute of Standards
and Technology (NITS) will soon be
testing a controversial theory about the
collapse of the World Trade Center
towers. According to an analysis by a
leading fire-safety expert, had the
fire-proofing insulation on the towers'
steel structures been thicker, the
towers would have survived longer and
might even have remained standing after
they were hit by the hijacked planes.
The work is being seized on by lawyers
representing victims' families and
insurance companies. If confirmed, it
could also lead to changes in building
codes. NIST is responsible for drawing
up the final report on the towers'
collapses and recommending if any
changes are needed. It is widely
accepted that the collapses were caused
by the failure of the buildings' steel
structure as it was weakened by the heat
of the fires.
91. As it is
pointed out in the passage, it is
commonly recognized that the main cause
for the collapse of the twin towers
a) will only be understood after the
release of a detailed report by NITS
b) can never be established beyond doubt
c) was the weakening of the steel
structure due to the heat of the fire
d) was not so much due to the heat of
the fires as to the force of the impact
of the hijacked planes
e) is of special interest to insurance
92. It is clear from the passage that
a) the strength of the steel
structure of the towers had been
questioned when the designs were drawn
b) NIST has already made a through study
of the collapse of the towers
c) the reason for the sudden collapse of
the two towers is still under debate
d) the structure of the twin towers was
in many respects well below standard
e) the hijacked planes hit the weakest
parts of the twin towers
93. As we learn from the passage, a
specialist in fire safety __________.
a) puts the blame for the collapse
of the towers on the thin fire-proofing
b) is to blame for negligence as regards
of the twin towers
c) has been cooperating with the
victims' lawyers to start legal
d) has been commissioned to prepare a
report on the collapse of the towers
e) should have been aware of the
structural weakness of the towers and
given due warning
94. As is pointed
out in the passage, the inadequacy of
the fire-proofing insulation of the
a) has been accepted by NIST as the
main cause of the collapse
b) has aroused a great deal of legal
c) is less important than the weakness
of the steel structure as the cause f
d) had long been recognized by
fire-safety experts as the weakest point
in their construction
e) has never been considered by any
95. According to the passage, if the
theory concerning the fire-proofing
insulation proves to be true,
a) this will have, even so, no
direct bearing on the fight against
b) the victims' families will get no
c) this will free NITS from all blame
d) then lawyers will have no grounds for
e) then NITS will probably introduce new
The long-expected decline in the dollar
is now well under way. For years
economists have predicted that America's
huge current-account deficit would
eventually cause its currency to plunge.
So far the dollar's slide has been
fairly gradual: it is down by 13% in
trade-weighted terms over the past year,
though it has dropped by almost twice as
much against the euro since its 2001
peak. As the decline seemed to pick up
speed this week, John Snow, George
Bush's Treasury Secretary, declared that
he favours a
"strong dollar policy". That was surely
the wrong answer, even leaving aside the
debatable issue of whether cabinet
secretaries can influence the level of
exchange rates. A weaker, not a stronger
dollar, is what the world needs now-so
long as policymakers elsewhere respond
appropriately. America promoted a strong
dollar throughout the 1990s, when
inflation was still thought to be the
main enemy. Today it makes less sense.
Even after its recent slide, the dollar
seems overvalued. Moreover, with ample
space capacity in America, deflation
looks a bigger risk than inflation.
96. It is pointed out in the passage
that the American policy, in the 1990s,
for a strong dollar __________.
a) seems less rational now than it
b) has proved successful in boosting the
c) has been reversed by the Treasury
Secretary, John Snow
d) has frequently been disregarded by
e) has been a major reason for the
decline of the euro
97. It is stressed in the passage
that for the American economy,
a) John Snow's policies promise a
great deal of hope
b) it is not inflation but deflation
that in fact may pose the more serious
c) the global level of exchange rates
constitutes a major threat
d) and for the world economy, a strong
dollar is of vital importance
e) policy makers agree that deflation
has been responsible for many of the
98. According to the passage, what
has brought about the fall of the
American dollar, __________.
a) is the erratic global
fluctuations in exchange rates
b) is the enormous deficit experienced
by the American economy
c) has been a persistent recession in
the global economy
d) is the wrong economic policies
introduced by John Snow, Treasury
e) is the unexpected rise in the value
of the euro
99. As we understand from the
passage, the decline in the value of the
American dollar has,
a) had an
adverse effect upon the value of the
b) bolstered American trade
c) been foreseen by economists over a
long period of time
d) been a major headache for policy
e) followed an unpredictable pattern
100. In the passage, with the phrase
"the wrong answer" is meant __________.
a) the American government's
indifference to the decline of the
b) the policy of keeping the dollar in
the line with the euro
c) keeping the dollar strong through
d) permitting the current-account
deficit to continue
e) the Treasury Secretary's preference
for a strong dollar policy
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