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KPDS Kamu Personeli Dil Sınavı KPDS - KPDS


 Kamu Personeli Dil Sınavı

2002 Kasım Dönemi KPDS Soruları ve Cevap Anahtarı

KPDS 2002 Kasım Dönemi Soru ve Cevapları

Cevap Anahtarı için Tıklayınız!...

01-24. sorularda, cümlede boş bırakılan yere uygun düşen ifadeyi bulunuz.

1-Acid rain only became a ............ environmental issue in the 1980s following groundbreaking studies in the 1970s.
e- prominent

2-Using the dam to genarate power would not ............... the treaty with the neighbouring country, but diverting water out of the river.
e- fetch

3-The .................... that terrorists use the money from regions that finance them to their target country are often identical to those used by criminal gangs.
e- admissions

4-In the wake of yet another financial scandal, the cief accountant handed in his ............. to the director.
e- vacancy

5-The American constution with its various constraints................ to protect citizens can actually shield criminals.
e- displayed

6-The foreman has a way of making most people do what he wants, but somehow I don't think he'll manage to ............ the new director!
a-get around
b-make up for
c-turn over
d-keep up with
e- rule out

7-The man who created the firs computer virus has been sentenced to 20 months in an American federal prison, it is generallay agreed that he has been ............... very lightly.
a-shown upon
b-let off
c-taken down
d-given up
e- brought in

8-The members of the special commissions on crime, some of ............... were appointed by the mayor, still meet on a reguar basis.
e- which

9- ............... the Civil War, those years turned out to be golden era for the maganize industry.
d-Pertaining to

10-Unfortunately, ...................... stamping out the drugs trade, these programs are simply forcing drug growers to move into more inaccessible regions.
b-rather than
c-in addition to
d-due to
e-as for

11-Indeed, the situation is such that chairman has finally promised to implement ..................the committee recommends.
c-if ever
d-as ever

12-Unfortunately, ................ current productivity growth looks impressive, the rise in profits over the coming years is likely to prove disappointing.
b-just as
c-even though

13-The biggest accounting issue raised ......... the energy company is ................. accounting standards.
e- from/into

14-Crying, which starts .............., birth an alarm system that attracts the parent and it can be switched off ............. parental attention.
e- by/through

15-Since 1998, US federal government has more than doubled its spending ...............defense ..................biological weapons and chemical weapons

16-Items ............... display in this museum were obtained ............... mosques, Turkish baths, fountains and caravanserais dating back to the Ottoman period.
c-for/out of
e- with/at

17-Following Fours Mras mission losses, an independent report paints a very clear picture of ........... what ails the US space program, ............... what must be done fix to it.
e- not only/but also

18-Basicallay a country has two objectives in imposing tariffs; one is to raise revenue for government, ........... is to protect home industries by raising the price of competing goods from abroad.
d-the other

19-This part of Africa is growing greener again ............... that families who fled to wetter coastal ..............regions are starting to go home.
a-so far
b-to such an extent
c-even so
d-as a result
e-even more

20-While the parades for the opening of parliament ....................., the president ................. a sobering message for his countrymen
a-had rehearsed/prepared
b-have been rehearsed/has prepared
c-were being rehearsed/was preparing
d-are reharsing/is preparing
e-had been rehearsed/would prepare

21-Though we still ................ a long way to go, a lot of ............... in developing now medical procedures to deal with diseased issue.
a-had had/had been accomplished
b-had/has been accomplished
c-have had/was accomplished
d-are having/was being accomplished
e-have/is being accomplished

22-Soon customs officers .................... to use X-ray technology ...................cavities in vehicles for drugs.
a-have been able/having scanned
b-are able/scanned
c-were able/to be scanned
d-will be able/to scan
e-would have been able to/to have scanned

23-As acqusation opportunuties within the EU................. less, western European energy companies .............. to turn eastwards in the hunt for expansion opportunites.
a-grow/are being forced
b-will grow/would have been forced
c-are growing/would be forced
d-have grown/had been forced
e- grew/have been forced

24-İf Britain ................ the euro, say in 2004, the stability pact .................. highly importnt.
a-will be joining/is becoming
b-has joined/will have become
c-will have joined/will become
d-would join/has become
e- were to join/would become

25-Whatever else ............... the British Empire for so long, it was not Britain's education system.
a-was sustained
b-has sustained
e-to have sustained

26-32. sorularda verilen tümceyi uygun şekilde tamamlayan ifadeyi bulunuz.

26-................. despite the claims of his lawyers that his statements had been made under "highly coercive conditions"
a-John Walker refused to reveal the secrets of his life in Afghanistan
b-The Amarican Taliban, John Walker, had been denied bail by the court
c-John Walker, the Amarican Taliban, came froma humble background
d-John Walker was incited by a federal grand jury
e-John Walker played a leading role in Taliban activities

27-Though some scholars argue thet .................... others say that she beginning of the 15th century was its real rise
a-by the late part of the 12th century most of the library conventions of Urdu literature have already been well established
b-the 12th century was the time of the great religious movements in India
c-Urdu literature dates back to the 12th century
d-most of the library writings in India in the 12th century consisted of religious tracts and allegories
e-most Urdu poets in the 12 th century turned to romances and narratives of heroic deeds

28- ............................... to whom they report.
a-A growing body of evidence does indeed suggest that Enron was a case of bad management
b-In theory a company's auditors are appointed independetly by its shareholders
c-The Enron fiasco has shown that all is not well with the governance of many big American companies
d-Harvey Pitt has been appointed the new chairman of the Securities and Exchange Commission in the US
e-IN Congress, politicians are engaged in an investigation of Enron's managers

29-.................. where they ate mosquito larvae and so helped prevent malaria.
a-British engineers regarded these canals as "dond rivers"
b-The people in Bengal still talk of digging canals across the Ganges delta
c-Indeed irrigation gave a uch-needed boost to declining agricultural production
d-The dam prevents all silt from following downstream
e-The floos waters even brought fish into the fields

30-Though coral reefs are among the richest ecosystems on the planet.....................
a-they grow in crystal-clear waters that contain hardly any nutrients
b-nutrient uptake is closely related to the degree of movement in the sea
c-the rough surfaces are what make this possible
d-they are also skilled at rcycling
e-changes in turbulance accurately predicted the rate of nutrient uptake

31-..................... there just wasn't enough evidence to convict him.
a-If the trial had been postponed to a later date
b-Since almost nothing the accused himself said could be substantiated
c-Though he seemed extremely reluctant to sign the statement
d-Even before the judge has finished summing up the case
e-Although everyone was convinced that Smithhad committed the murder

32-In thsi annual report, the accountant failed to clarify to position and explain ...................
a-why expenditure had been in excess of the budget
b-whether the budget really is unrealistic
c-what perocedures will have been used in banking
d-that more serious aspects were being overlooked
e-which items in particular are being reconsidered

33-Environmentalists are not often fon of dams .................................
a-which had been built for both energy and irrigation
b-though two negative ecological forces cancelled each other out
c-unless the dams actually held back a vast sedimentation load
d-since they frequently trap migratory fish
e-that failed to perverse their biological variety over the years

34-Today more than 100 million people have a breathing problem....................
a-if only the rise the asthma cases has stopped
b-that asthma levels are dropping in those born after 1985
c-which costs $6 billion a year in the US alone
d-unless they prefer not to admit it
e-since exposure to antibiotics while in the womb in generally regarded as a further irritant

35-The clarinet solo at the start of the movement provides the theme .......................
a-if the sense of longing were once more brought to the force
b-that unifies the whole work
c-once the slow tempo had been reestablished
d-until yet another ecstatic climax was reached
e-that the workbegins quickly and harmonious

36-40. sorularda, verilen Türkçe tümceye anlamca en yakın olan İngilizce tümceyi bulunuz.

36-Eğer Rusya reform yapacak ve sonuçta müreffeh olacaksa, güvenli ve istikrarlı bir bölgeye ve yeni yatırımlara ihtiyaç duyacaktır.
a-Russia can only reform and consequently prosper once a safe and stable neighbor exist and nwe investment are made
b-Russia will get the reforms she needs and eventually prosper if the neighborhood becomes safe and stable and there are new investment
c-A secure and stable environment and new investments are essential if Russia is to achive these reforms and eventually prosper
d-There will have to be a state and stable environment and more investment before Russia can introduce reforms and consequently prosper
e- If Russia is to reform and eventually prosper, it will need a secure and stable neighborhood and new investment

37-Sierra Lone'deki iç savaş o kadar vahşiydi ki ve bıraktığı hasarlar o kadar ağır olmuştu ki normal düzene hızlı bir dönüş imkansızdır.
a-One caannot look for a speedy return to normality is Sierra Leone, for the civil war there was herrotic and the resulting injures were excessive
b-Since the civil war in Sierra Leone was so barbaric and the injures that resulted were so grave; a speedy return to normality is not to be expected
c-The civil war in Sierra Leone was so barbaric, and the injures it left so grave that a swift return to normality is out of the question
d-The civil war in Sierra Leone was so horritic and left in its wake so many injured that a return to normalitiy cannot readily be achieved
e-A quick return to normality in Sierra Leone is out of the question, for the civil war was a savage one and the atroticities committed particularly injurious

38-Devletler çökünce, sadece teröristlere ve uyuşturucu kaçakçılarına sığınak olmaz, aynı zamanda mülteci yığınlarının zengin ülkelere yönelmesini teşvik ederler.
a-When states collapse, they not only become havens for terrorist and drug smugglers but also prompt multitudes of refugees to head for richer countries
b-When states callopse, terrorists and drug smugglers can safely move in and multitudes of refugees leave for reacher countries
c-When states callopse, this provides terrorist and drug peddlers with a safe haven while masses of refugees escape to richer countries
d-Terrorist and drug peddlers find to haven for themselves when states callopse, but others flee the country in search of a richer word
e-Masses of refugees flee to richer countries when states collapse, but terrorists and drug dealers move in to safety

39-Kuveyt'teki en parlak gelişme, Körfezde özellikle Dubai'de yaygın bir uygulama olan serbest bölgenin yaratılmasıdır.
a-In imtitation of the Gulf and of Dubai, in particular, Kuwait now has a free zone, which is a most promosing development
b-The creation of a free zone in Kuwait is a very hopeful sign; the practise is common in the Gulf, especially in Dubai
c-The brightest development in Kuwait is teh creation of a free zone, the practise that is common in the Gulf, especially in Dubai
d-The creation of a free zone in Kuwait on the lines of those in the Gulf and especially in Dubai, is regarded as a very hopeful sign
e-The most striking development in Kuwait is the creation of a free zone, as found commanly in the Gulf and especially in Dubai

40-Amerika Birleşik Devletleri ile Kanada arasında olduğu gibi, farklı ekonomileri bütünleştirmede ortak bir dil, ortak para biriminden çok daha yararlıdır.
a-It is the single language that aids the integration of different economies as in the case of the US and Canada, not the monetary system
b-A comman language can be far more useful than a common currency to integrate different economies, as is the case between the US and Canada
c-As regards the US and Canada, the integration of the different economies is due to the single language rather than to the single monetary system
d-The integration of the different economies of the US and Canada owes more to a single language than to a single monetary system
e- A common language rather than a common monetary system hase made possible the integration of the different economies of the US and Canada.

41-45 sorularda, verilen İngilizce tümceye anlamca en yakın olan Türkçe tümceyi bulunuz.

41-The type of bridge needed for cars and trucks is fundamentally different from that needed for railways.
a-Otomobiller ve kamyonlar için ihtiyaç duyulan köprü türü ile demiryolları için ihtiyaç duyulan köprü türü birbirinden oldukça farklıdır.
b-Demiryolları için, otomobiller ve kamyonlar için duyulan köprü türünden tamamen farklı bir köprü türüne ihtiyaç duyulmaktadır.
c-Otomobiller ve kamyonlar için gerekli olan köprü türü, demiryolları için gerekli olandan esas itibariyle farklıdır.
d-Otomobiller ve kamyonlar için gerekli olan köprü türünden farklı bir köprü türüne demiryolları için gerek vardır.
e- Demiryolları için ihtiyaç duyulan köprü türü, çoğunlukla otomobiller ve kamyonlar için ihtiyaç duyulandan tamamen farklıdır.

42-Under a new resolution passed by the Security Council, Iraq will once more have to place all its oil earnings under UN control.
a-Güvenlik Konseyinin almış olduğu bir kararara göre Irak, petrol gelirlerinin tümünü BM'nin denetimine bırakmaya zorlanacaktır.
b-Güvenlik Konseyince kabul edilen yeni bir karara göre, Irak!ın tüm petrol gelirleri BM denetimine bırakılmak zorundadır.
c-Güvenlik Konseyininaldığı yeni bir karar uyarınca, BM, Irak'ın petrol gelirlerinin tümünü denetim altına alacaktır.
d-Irak'ın tüm petrol gelirlerinin BM tarafından denetim altına alınacak olması, Güvenlik Konseyince kabul edilen yeni bir karara dayanmaktadır.
e- Güvenlik Konseyince kabul edilen yeni bir karar gereğince, Irak, yine tüm petrol gelirlerini BM denetimine bırakmak zorunda kalacaktır.

43-The great works of Latin literature have exerted a potent influence on European thought and literary taste through the centuries and still form an important element in our common culture.
a-Yüzyıllarca Avrpa düşüncesini ve edebi zevkini kalıcı bir şeikde etklemiş olan Latin Edebiyatının büyük eserleri, ortak kültürümüzün hala önemli bir ögesidir.
b-Latin edebiyatının büyük eserleri, yüzyıllar boyunca, Avrupa düşüncesi ve edebi zevkiüzerinde güçlü bir etki yapmıştır ve hala ortak kültürümüzün önemli bir ögesini oluşturmaktadır.
c-Avrupa düşüncesi ve edebi zevki,yüzyıllarca hala ortak kültürümüzün önemli bir ögesi olan Latin edebiyatının büyük eserlerinin büyük etkisi altında kalmıştır.
d-Avrupa düşüncesi ve edebi zevki üzerinde yüzyıllar boyunca çok etkili olmuş olan Latin edebiyatının büyük eserleri, halen ortak kültürümüzün önemli bir öğesi olarak görülmektedir.
e- Ortak kültürümüzün halen önemli biröğesi olarak görülen Latin edebiyatının büyük eserleri, yüzyıllar boyunca Avrupa'nın düşünce ve edebiyat zevki üzerinde kalıcı bir etki yapmıştır.

44-The budget President Bush submitted to Congress included the biggest rise in military spending in 1982.
a-Başkan Bush'un Kongreye sunmuş olduğu bütçe, 1982'den bu yana askeri harcamalarda en yüksek artışı içeriyordu.
b-1982'den sonraki askeri harcamalarda en yüksek artışı içeren bütçe Başkan Bush tarafından Kongreye sunulmuş bulunuyor.
c-1982'den bu yana askeri harcamalarda askeri harçamalarda en büyük artışı içeren bütçe Başkan Bush tarafından Kongreye sunulmuş bulunuyor.
d-Başkan Bush tarafından Kongreye sunulan bütçe, 1982'den sonra askeri harcamalarda görülen en yüksek artıştır.
e- Askeri harcamalarda 1982'den beri en yüksek artışı içeren bütçenin Kongre'ye sunuluşunu Başkan Bush yapmıştır.

45-Pluto, which is the outermost planet of the solar system, has a mass ten times smaller than hitherto supposed.
a-Bugüne kadar bilinenden on kat daha az bir kütleye sahip olan Plüton, güneş sisteminin en uç gezegenidir.
b-Güneş sisteminin en uç noktasında bulunan Plüton gezegeninin kütlesi, daha önce bilinenden daha azdır.
c-Daha önce kabul edilenden on kat daha az bir kütlesi bulunan Plüton gezegeni, Güneş sistemini en dış noktasındadır.
d-Güneş sisteminin en uzak gezegeni olan Plüton, bugüne kadar sanıldığından on kat daha az bir kütleye sahiptir.
e- Güneş sisteminin en uç noktasında bulunan Plüton, şimdiya kadar düşünülenden on kat daha bir kütleden oluşan bir gezegendir.

46-51 nzi sorularda, tümceler sırasıyla okunduğunda parçanın anlam bütünlüğünü bozan tümceyi bulunuz.

46-(1) Everyone knows that software is in and hardware is out, at least as far as start-up companies are concerned. (2) A software company has low manufacturing costs can make good profits (3) Mistakes in both software and hardware are easy to cırrect. (4) For hardware companies the reverse is true (5) They have extremely hıgh manufacturing costs and thin profit margins.

47-(1)Norway remains aloot from the EU (2) İn contrast to Norway, Swedish economy relies on multi-national giants, not on oil reserves (3) She sees it far ore as athreat to her wealt than as a potential partner (4) The other Scandinavian countries, however are all EU members (5) They are traying to persuade Norway to join too, but she remains stobbornly resistant.

48-(1) In 1912, some of the top mathemeticians in the world recieved letters full of incredibly complex formulas (2) They come from Madras, India, from a 23-year-old accounts clerk named Srinivasa Ramanujan (3) He claimed to have worked them out in his spare time after leaving school (4) It is an ambition one shares with lots of people, of all ages and backgrounds (5) One of the letters reached Professor G.H. Hardy of Trinity College, Cambridge, who soon realized that the formulas were to work of one of the greatest mathematical geniuses of all time.

49-(1) In this book on management, the author makes the point that most people are deeply and rightly resistant to being maneged (2) He then goes on to give an attractive solution (3)The world's business leaders are too often motivated by self-interest, not by a company's performance (4) It is that the best way to manage people is to let them manage themselves (5) This becomes truly meaningful when we are reminded that the best performers are those who both know enough and care enough to manage themselves

50- (1) Global inequality is not just about income (2) it is also about education for children, access the world markets, control of technology and so on (3) Nevertheless, the extremes of global inequality are exemplified in a striking fashion in income distribution (4) Cheap labour has undoubtedly aided economic development in many of the developing countries (5) The richest 5% of the world's people have incomes 114 times thoose of the poorest 5%.

51-(1) Global warming is bringing new arrivals to British shores (2) Since 1980, 18 new fish species have been cought off the coast of Cornwall (3) As the water warms up, they feel the need to move northward (4) Since they are cold-blooded creatures, they have to find suitable surroundings in which to regulate their temperature (5) Indeed, between 1960 and 1980 no new species were reported anywere in the area.

52-57. sorularda, parçada boş bırakılan yere uygun düşen tümceyi bulunuz.

52-Glasgow is now the largest city in Scotland and, indeed, is home to a quarter of the population of Scotland. This, however, has not always been the case ................................ After 1707, it grew at a phenomenal rate both as an international port and as a major industrial center.
a-The University of Glasgow is one of the best in the cauntry.
b-The name probably means "dear green place"
c-There is a cethadral and other ecclesiastical institutions in the city
d-For a long time it was simply a market town
e- It is situated on the river Clyde and ringed by wind-swept moorlands.

53-In 1912, a German weatherman named Alfred Wegener declared that all the continents of the world had once been joined together and were now drifting around the face of the Earth giants rafts. At first, Wegener's claim attracted little interest. ................... When this still failed to provoke a reaction, he brought out a second edition. That did it. Many of the world's top expert on geology gradually began to agree with him.
a-A decade later he died, and his mad idea died with him.
b-He published a small book on "continental drift" in 1913.
c-But by the early 1960s, geologists were discovering evidence to support this theory.
d-He was right about continental drift but unable to explain why it happaned.
e-Today, continental drift is regarded as a science and is routinely taught at universities.

54-On December 5, 1952, Londoners received a rude awakening. They opened their curtains to fınd out a choking dark cloud hanging over the city: a corrosive mixture of fog and smoke and gas .......................... That week there were more deaths in London than at the height of the cholera epidemic of 1966.
a-For some inexplicable reason the fog stayed for the next four days causing an epidemic of bronchitis.
b-Indeed, air pollution had never been regarded as a serious matter.
c-Even so, it was until 1956 that the Clean Air Act came into force.
d-Consequantly smokoless zones were established to reduce domestic sources of smoke, and in these only smokeless fuels would be burnt.
e-Those four, dark smoky days marked a turning point public and political thinking about pollution

55-When tourists eventually start arriving in space, they will need somewhere to stay. ................................. A three-ay stay at these hotels will cost rougly $40.000, but they are confident the public will be prepared to pay.
a-Yhey are hoping to produce a reusable rocket large enough the carry three people 100 km into space and back.
b-Scientist and researchers worlwide were consequently trying to make space tourism affordable.
c-Orbiting space hotels have already been designed by a Japenese construction giant and a group of inrenational hotel architects.
d-A notable reduction in prices finally opened up the aviation industry to general public.
e- The problem is not simply to launch people into space but to see that they remain comfortable throughout the flight.

56-About seven out of ten fires are due to the hand of man. Either accidental or deliberate, one to products, and processes of materials and the remaining two to defects in buildings. The most dangerous products in the home are plastics and rubber, which give off highly toxic fumes when burning. Videocassettes and loam-backed-carpets are major culprits......................
a-The number of the fire deaths has shown a steady fall in recent years, but the risk of a blaze can never be ruled out
b-If a means of escape does not exist, these hot gases develop a pressure on the walls of the upper parts of the structure
c-When an opening is made to reach the fire, the admission of oxygen causes these gases on explode
d-Once air is heated, it becomes lighter, rises and seeks escape through any openings that may be available
e-Although the foam in used in furniture in now treated so that it is less flammable, it still helps to spread the blaze.

57-For many centuries before the coming of the first Europeans, Arabs had been trading with the island of Madagascar, and had established various settlements on the coast........................ During the ensuing three centuries, sporadic attempts at colonization were made by both Dutch and French, especially the latter. In 1642, after the French had been in touch with the island fore more than a century, a French company was established to trade with the island, and in 1643 Fort Dauphin was founded on the southeast coast.
a-But in 1500, these island was discovered by the Portuguese, and thus attracted Europeans
b-It was not until the last year of line 18th century that the island had been relatively colonized
c-In 1840-1841, the French navy occupied the island Nossi-Be, close to north-west coast of Madagascar
d-In the 18th century, French commercial contact with the island was fairly continuous
e-Historically, the island had the status of overseas territory within the French Union
58-63. sorularda, karşılıklı konuşmanın boş bırakılan kısmında söylenmiş olabilecek ifadeyi bulunuz.

58-SALLY:You know the old houses along the Bosphorus with their softly colored wooden walls, actually enhance the views
MARK:They do indeed! Not like the harsh white concrete ones that ruin so many coastlines.
MARK:No, let's not
a-Please don't remin me of them
b-Let's make sure it's really safe, shall we?
c-I'd like to live in a house like that
d-You knowI could live here, I'll never tire of the wiev
e-oh, don't let's think about them!

59-GWEN: Apparently, Turkish textiles attracted a great deal of attention in Britain as far back as the 16th century.
JENNİFER:I suppose it was the striking designs that attracted people.
JENNİFER:Yes, now I remember. The quality of teh dyes was way ahead of anything in Europe
a-That, too, of course, but the high quality production techniques were also admired
b-Turkish woolen fabric were known to extremely soft in strong
c-It was through the operas on Turkish themes that europeans were fist introduced the Turkish dress
d-The paintings of certain Dutch artists are an important source of imformation about early Turkish carpet designs
e- At the time, many English merchants were trading with Turkey

60-DAVİD:Can you recommend a book on astronomy? Preferably well-illustrated and fairly elementary.
SHOP ASSİSTANT: Oh certainly. Take a look at this one.
SHOP ASSİSTANT:And it's full of practical information, too, even on the types of telescopes you can buy
a-You don't regard this a definitive guide to astronomy, do you?
b-I think you need to know a fair bit about astronomy before you can follow this
c-Astronomy is evolving rapidly so one nedds to up-date one's knowladge frequently
d-Yes, It's certainly got plenty of fascinating photographs and diagrams and star maps
e-I like the look of this. But what else do you have

61-WİFE:Why don't you stop complaining about your partners and set up a business on your own?
HUSBAND:I'd love to! But it would be hard going for at least three years!
HUSBAND:That's good point. Maybe, we shouldn't put it off any longer
a-I think we'd both be a lot happier, What's worrying you?
b-What do you mean by that? That we'd be short of money?
c-I wouldn't mind that at all
d-Then let's forget it! We can go on as we are
e- We can cope with a bit of hardship now. Then years hence it might not be easy.

62-REG:Have you read theis new book on İsaach Newton that everyone's talking about?
REG: Why not?
HARRY:I gather it's not very scholorly and it's rather disparaging of Newton
a-I'm still only half way through it
b-I really didn't know everyone was talking about it!
c- No, I haven't And I don't intend to either.
d-I'm not suprised. But it won't be popular
e-I gather it throws a new light on him; is that so?

63-ALİCE:Listen to this: "The constraints facing investors today are no more serious than yesterday just more complex"
BRUCE:Well, what does that mean?
BRUCE:Yes, it sounds like a typical advert, No meaning but dressed up beautifully in words
a-I though it would help you to decide how to invest your winnings
b-I've to idea; I was just reading a part of a bank advert
c-Nothing at all to me. Shall I go on and read some more to you?
d-I wish I had something to invest
e-Why do you ask?

64-69. sorulrda verilen durumda söylenebilecek ifadeyi bulunuz.

64-In the office section of your travel agency one of the clerks has grown rather slack and careless, and has come late on several occasions. The one in charge has decided to take action and consults you on what action to take. You feel inclined to be lenient, or at least give the culprit one more chance. You say:
a-When he's in the mood, he works well. He just hasn't been in the righ mood for weeks
b-He's been warned on several occasions. He deserves to be fired
c-Why dont you let him off with a warnings? But tell him this is his last chance
d-He's always been a disruptive element in the department. Let him go
e-Personally. I like him. And with his French and his German he won't be easy to replace

65-A friend unduly upset because of the way her son been treating her, and, indeed, because of his general attitude towards her. You want to cheer her up and make her believe it's all quite normal. You say:
a-Not to worry! it's a phase they all go through and usually it doesn't last very long
b-But he's such a nice boy! What have you done to annoy him?
c-Oh, you are sure you haven't one anything wrong?
d-The main thing is not to make an issue of it or you'll antoginize him for life
e-You'd better have a straight talk with him and tell him to show more respect in future

66-You need a book from the library rather urgently but just can't spare time to go there. You overhear a collegue say he is going to be library, so you write down the title of the book you want and the author on a slip of paper, and you go up to him and say:
a-Next time you go the library there's a book I want you to borrow for me
b-As you're going to the library anyway, would you mind taking this book out for me?
c-I do wish you'd let me know when you are going to the library, so you can take out any book I might need
d-I shall be needing this book shortly. Can you get it for me?
e- I f you are going enywere near the library, I wish you'd choose some nice light reading for me

67-You are being hailed as a hero for rescuing a child from a burning house. You want to play the event down and so you say:
a-Only very special people can work as a fireman
b-I've always wanted to do something heroic and now I'm pleased to have had the chance.
c-Actually, it really wasn't very courageous of me at all. I just run in without considering the risks
d-I shall never forget the way the child was screaming as I went in
e-The parents should never have left the child alone like that

68-You are meetin a friend in London and want to choose a suitable meetig place. As your friend doesn't know London well, you need to fix a meeting place she'll be able to find easily. And as the weather is cold, you want it to be indoors. After a moment's though, you say:
a-The easiest way to get to anywhere in London is to take the Underground. The stations are all clearly labeled
b-The best and easiest place were we can meet is the British Museum, which is not difficult to find.
c-What would you like to do? We could look round a museum if you'd like to or go for a walk in Hyde Park
d-There are special buses in London that take you on a tour of the city. Let's get one of those.
e-It's not easy to meet someone in any of the big stores. They really are huge and they keep moving departments around.

69-You and friend want to buy a present for a colleague for his new home. You want something a bir different. You think you know his taste in abstract pictures well enough to choose one that he'll appreciate, but you need to have fair number to choose from. You say:
a-there are several exhibitions of abstract paintings on at the moment. Let's take a loot at them first
b-Are you sure he prefers abstract paintings to portraits?
c-As long as he colors aren't too bright, he'll be happy with whatever we give him
d-Are you being wise? A picture is a very personal thing. Perhaps we should get him something else
e- Personally, I've never really liked abstract paintings, so I don't know much about them

70-75. sorularda, verilen tümceye anlamca en yakın olan tümceyi bulunuz.

70-What worries me is that they have so far failed to improve the quality of the work.
a-As they haven't managed to produce any high-quality work, I'm wondering if they ever will
b-If only they could upgrade the quality of the work, I'd stop worrying
c-Once the quality of the work improves, we'll be free of worries
d-It's the fact that they still haven't managed to upgrade the quality of the work that troubles me
e-They are still far from producing the high-quality of work I'm anxious to get.

71-Roof insulation will pay itself within two years in lower heating costs, or so they claim.
a-They claimed that roof insulation would reduce heating costs, so that in two years you could recover the amount invested
b-It pays to insulate your roof since you certainly get back in around two years whatever you invest in lowered fuel costs
c-Roof insulation reduces heating costs so much that in two years they guarantee that you back the money you invest in it
d-They guarantee that money invested in roof insulation is recoverable in two years through reduced fuel costs
e-They claim that in under two years you get back what you invest in roof insulation through fuel costs

72-Those opposed to gambling continue to argue the case against it on social and moral grounds.
a-Those who are against gambling continue ta state the moral and social reasons for the stand they take
b-Those who are against gambling usually take a moral or a social stand against it
c-There are two basic grounds for opposing gambling, the moral and social
d-The case against gambling is usually based on both moral and social grounds
e-They continue to oppose gambling and cite various moral and social reasons for the stand thet take

73-My experiences in China were quite unlike anything else that had ever happened to me
a- Life in China is quite different from anything I've come across elsewhere
b-The events I encountered in China were unique; I'd known nothing like them before
c-I hope that my experiences in China will never be repeated anywhere
d-going to China was interesiting experience, quite unlike what I was prepared for
e-I found myself in a unique situation in China and Presumably I will never know the like of it again

74-I was tempted to resign there and then, but I'm glad now that I didn't
a-I rather wish I'd had the courage to hand in my resignation straight away
b-I wanted to give in my resignation immediately and I rather agree that I didn't
c-I felt like handing in my resignation on the spot, but I know I would have regretted it
d-If I were to resign now, I'd probably regret it
e-Even now I fınd the idea of resigning rather tempting and may do so

75-I just couldn't make understand that good planning is essential to success
a-I've failed to convince him that the secret to success in a sound plan
b-Apparently he can't grasp the ..........that without a sound plan success is hard to come by.
c-He refuses to believe that tha plan will turn out to be successful
d-He's convinced that the scheme is bound to succed
e-I'll convince him in the end taht no amount of planning can guarantee success

76-80 soruları aşağıdaki parçaya göre yanıtlayınız.
In modern times, it was perhaps the "gentleman scientists" of the 19. century who came closest to a genuinely objective form of scientific resarch. These privilleged amateurs enjoyed a financial independence which most scientists today cannot have, which enabled them to satisfy their scientific curiosily without the need to please patrons. With the growth the scientific research after World War II, science has become an expensive occupation. Many scientists today look back upon the 1960s as a golden age of modern-day science, when research was mainly funded by the taxpayer, and scientific enquiry was seen by goverments to be part of the public good, and worth paying for. Today, the situation is very different. "Academic freedom" is now often a little more than an illusion for most scientist working at universities or in publicy-funded research institutes. Moreaover, science is how largely dominated by the interest of the industrial world, and hencehardly deserve the name "science"

76-According to the passage, the major difference between the "gentleman scientists" and present day ones................
a-has frequently been ignored by governments and universities
b-is that the former were free to research as they chose, while the letter are not
c-has become a highly controversial issue in universty circles
d-is not nearly so obvious as some people believe it to be
e-the former were less objective in their research methods than the letter one

77-The writer points out that in the 1960s ......................
a-research activities were largely carried out under the sponsorship of industry
b-scientist believed that they were entering upon a golden age
c-academic feedom was already a thing of the past
d-scientist carried out their research activities at the public expense
e-scientific research largely concentrated on meeting the needs of war

78-The writer of the passage argues that contemporary scientific research ........................
a-is, to a large extent, controlled by the interest of industry
b-find its best millieu within the universities
c-is advancing at an incredibly fast rate
d-offers one of tje most exciting and stimulating af careers
e-is far more concerned with theory than with any practical application

79-The writer of tha passage regards the "gentleman scientists" of the 19.century as privileged because.....................
a-the coice of field was rapidly expanding
b-there were plenty of patrons willing to finance them
c-they were unrestricted by financial pressures
d-scientific research was still in its early stage and it was easy to discover something new
e-there were always well-rewarded for their efforts

80-The phrase "part of the public good" in effect means................
a-deserving a good public
b-setting good standards for society
c-ensuring a better future for society
d-beneficial of society
e-recognized by the general public as being good

81-85. soruları aşağıdaki parçaya göre yanıtlayınız.
Some people believe that meat consumption contributes to famine and depletes the Earth's natural resorces. Indeed, it is often argued that cows and sheep require pasturage that could be better used to grow grain for starving millions in poor cuntries. Additionally, claims are made that raising livestock requires more water than raising plants foods. But both these argument are illogical. As for the pasturage4 argument, this ignores the fact that a large portion of the Earth's dry land is unsuited to cultivation. For istance, desert and mountainous areas are not suitable for cultivation, but are suitable for animal grazing. However, modern comercial farming methods prefer to raise animals in an enclosed space feeding them on grains and soybeans. Unfortunately, the bulk of commercial livestock is not range-fed but stall-fed. Stall-fed animals do not ingest grasses and shrubs (like they should) but are fed on unnatural array of grains and soybeans, which could be eaten by humans. The argument here, then, is not that eating meat depletes the Earth's resources, but that commercial farming methods do. Such methods subject livestock to deplorable living conditions where infections, antibiotics and synthetic hormones are common. These all lead to an unhealty animals and, byextension, to unhealty food product.

81-One important point made in this passage is that .............................
a-desert and mountainous regions should be developed as arable for cultivation
b-the way livestock is raised on modern farms involves various health hazards
c-more encouragement should be given to the application of modern farming technologies
d-meat production in the developed world needs to be increased to combat famine
e-every measure must be taken to conserve the Earth's natural resources

82-One argument that is clearly opposed in the passage.........................
a-concerns the value of antibiotics in the raising of healty livestock
b-concerns the introduction of soybeans in the basic feed for livestock
c-is related to i the inadequate methods employed in the prevention of famine
d-is that livestock need water as much as plants do
e-is that land used for pasturage should be utulized for the cultivation of crops

83-Contrary to what is often argued, the passage points out that.....................
a-synhetic hormones can be used to improve the quality of meat
b-underdevoloped countries need to adopt modern farming methods in order to overcome famine
c-grazing for sheep and cows needs to be upgraded so as to increase meat production
d-the famine in the world is not directly related to the consumption of meat
e-a very extensive part of the earth's surface is ideally suitable for the cultivation of crops

84-The writers attacks present day commercial farming methods...........................
a-but admits that there is a higher production rate than there was with earlier methods
b-though the end product is extremely healthy
c-and claims that they are responsible for depleting the natural resources of the world
d-though it ensures that there is suffficent food for everyone
e-because among other things, it makes no effort to cultivate dry mountainous regions

85-By the "pasturage argument" is meant the argument that ....................................
a-the land used for animal grazing ought to be cultivated and used to grow grain
b-livestock should be stall-fed on grains and not allowed to graze freely
c-cultivated land ought to be turned into pasturage
d-only cattle that are allowed to graze freely produce good meat
e-dry mountainous areas could be watered and turned into good pasturage

86-89. soruları aşağıdaki parçaya göre yanıtlayınız.
The chief triumph oh this book is its depiction of Wellington. He is not simply the famous British general who defeated Napoleon at Waterloo. He remains a great general bu he is also shown to have had feet of clay inside his splendid boots. For example, the writer dwells on Wellington's vanity and his unattractive lack of generosity in sharing the credit for his victories. Thşs is a spendid book. Never less than interesting, but always trenchant. It redefines Wellington without diminishing his achievements and ends bu reminding us that it was Napoleon who so forcefully artucilated a whish that there should be "a Eorepean code of laws, a European judiciary... one peaople in Europe" The ogre's dream is coming true.

86-From this passage, we get the impression that the book being reviewed.............
a-makes fun of both Napoleon and Wellington
b-overlooks the fact that Wellington was a great general
c-pays more attention to Napoleon than to Wellington
d-is unnecessarily critical of Wellington
e-is well-writtwn and gives a balanced picture of Wellington

87- In this book under review, Wellington is criticized for.............
a-not recognizing the role played by others in his victories
b-his plan of campaing at Waterloo
c-traying to buy people's affection and support
d-underestimating Napoleon's strenght
e-failng to consult his subordinates

88-It clear from the passage that the book under review differs from traditional biographies of Wellington..................
a-as his great enemy Napoleon receives more than his share of praise
b-as it questions his skills as a leader
c-because it shows up his human weakness
d-in attitude, but not in content
e-by putting the emphasis on his vices, not on his virtues

89-We understand from the passage that in the book under review, Napoleon................
a-is simply presented as the big enemy
b-receives acclaim for envisaging a united Europe
c-is shown to have had greater military skills than Wellington
d-and Wellington each admired the military skills of the other
e- knew from the beginning that hi would never conquer Britain

90- "feet of clay" stands for.......................
a-disgraceful impulses
b-unmilitary feelings
c-desires that have to be surpassed
d-basic human weakness or faults
e-an overwhelming desire to deceive

91-95. soruları aşağıdaki parçaya göre yanıtlayınız.
Fast food is such a pervasive part of American life that it has become synonymous American Culture. Fast food was born in America and it has swollen into a $106 billion industry. America export fast food worlwide and its attendant corporate culture, has probably been more influential and done more to destroy local food economies and cultural diversity than any government propaganda program could hope to accomplish. No corner of the earth is safe from its presence and no aspect of life is unaffacted. Fast food is now found in shopping malls, airport, hospitals, gas stations, stadiums, on trains and increasingly, in schools. There are 23.000 restaurants in one chain alone, and another 2.000 are being opened every year. Their effect has been the same on the millions of people it feeds daily and on the people it employs. Fast food culture has changed how we work, from its assembly-line kitchens filled with robotic frying machines to the trite phrases spoken to customers by its poorly paid part-time workforce. In the United States, more than 57 percent of the population eat meals away from home on any given day and day spend more money on fast-food than they do on higher education, personal computers, or even on new cars.

91-This passage on American fast-food industry ....................
a-shows convincingly that is falling into disfavor
b-is clearly written by someone who loves good food
c-concentrates on negative aspects
d-gives a ratioanl account of why it grew so fast
e-reveals the support it received from government propaganda

92-The world "swollen"....................
a-emphasizes the speed at which the industry has grown
b-suggests that the growth is excessive and unhealty
c-has very positive connotations
d-draws attention to the inevitability of teh growth of the industry
e-implies that the industry will continue to grow on steadily

93-One point that receives a lot of attention in the passage is ...................
a-in fact that fast food is now more popular outside the US than it is inside
b-tha fact that fast food meets our dietary needs
c-the consideratioan the fast food companies show to their employees
d-the far reaching effects of the fast food industry
e-the idea that in such places as gas stations and trains fast food is actually the only practical kind of food

94-The writer of the passage clearly regrets the fact that .......................
a-the fast food companies cannot afford to pay even their part-time workers adequate salaries
b-the growth of the fast food industry has now come to a halt
c-there are still more traditional restaurants than fast food ones
d-the fast food industry cannot retain the high standards with which it started
e-local and traditional styles of food are being pushed off the market

95-The assertion at the and of the passage that Americans spend more money on fast-food than they do on higher education.................
a-is a criticism of the amount of money spent on fast food by Americans
b-suggesrs that Americans are greedy for good food
c-means that 57 percent of the American population has very little money left over when it has paid for its food
d-it an indication that higher education in the US is not expensive
e-is, in the light of the rest of the passage, is a gross exaggeration

96-100. soruları aşağıdaki parçaya göre yanıtlayınız.
Even though there have been truly significant advances in modern medicine health problems still abound and couse untold misery. Although hearth disease and cancer were rare at the beginning of the 20th century today these two diseases strike with increasing frequency, in spite of billions of dollars in research of combat them, and in spite of tremendous advances in diagnostic and surgical techniques. In America, one person in three suffers from allergies, one in ten has ulcers and one in five is mentally ill. Every year, a quarter of a million infants are born with a birth defect and undergo expensive surgery, or are hidedn away in institutions. Other degenerative diseases such as arthritis, multiple sclerosis, diabetes and chronic fatigue afflict a significant majority of Americans. Furher learning disabilities make life miserable for seven million young people and their parents, These diseases were extremely rare only a generation or two ago. Today, chronic illness afflicts nearly half of all Americans and causes three out of four deaths in the United States

96-One point that is stressed in thi passage about the American people is that...............
a-they are less laible to degenerative disase than most other people
b-the rate of infant mortality among them is rasing rapidly
c-there is alarming lack of communication between parents and their childiren
d-the incidence of cancer among them is slowly being reduced due to medical advences
e-in one way or another, a very large proportion of them have health problems.

97-According to the passage, cancer and heart diseases are on the increase..................
a-and most of the cures have serious side-effect
b-due to problems of diagnosis which for the present seem insurmountable
c-since research so far carried out in these fields has been quite inadequate
d-even though a great deal of money is being spent on research into them
e-but every little is being done by the authorities to combat them

98-The writer of this passage draws our attention to.........................
a-the fact that it is young people who are the most affected by degenerative diseases
b-the paradox that medicine today has improved remarkably, but more and more people are suffering from various diseases
c-the commanly-held view that cancer will, in a few decades, be completely eradicated
d-the argument that good helath depends upon a healty diet and early diagnosis
e-the possibility that it is mental rather than physical health that is going to be the major problem of the future in the US

99-The passage stresses that ill-health gives rise to a great deal of mistery...................
a-which is not confined to the patient alone
b-which is largely associated with pain
c-especially in the case of chronic illness
d-even before an accurate diagnosis has been made
e-especially when the symptoms are severe

100-The term "significant majority" refers to............
a-an articulate majority
b-a statistically small majority
c-a large and important majority
d-a rapidly, increasing majority
e-am unexpected but continuing majority

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